2015-05-25 release

Multiple improvements to multiple systems, highlights including enteropneust subdivisions and representation of trigeminal placodes
2015-05-25 release image

This release incorporates a first pass at organism subdivisions for the acorn worm (enteropneust). We would like to bud this off into an external ontology that is federated with the core Uberon. For more information, see 692

We also clarified the distinctinction between trigeminal and profundal placodes and the structures they give rise to. For more information, see 693, and the following diagram:

trigeminal

cmungall

Ontology Diff Report

  • invertebrate biology
    • crude first pass at enteropneust subdivisions, plus collar nerve cord. Fixes 692 ANiknejad
  • muscle
    • Redefining some musculature classes in terms of attachments.
    • added note to suprahyoid. 697 RDruzinsky
    • merging ‘skeletal muscle of tongue’ into ‘tongue muscle’ as all tongue muscles are skeletal (RDruzinsky). 331
    • obsoleting tongue musculature (trivially paralleled ‘tongue muscle’)
  • neuro
    • NTs for pretectal nuclei
    • Added logical def for habenular nucleus; will now auto-classify the two ZFA classes. Issue 542 ANiknejad
    • more logical defs for neuro structures
  • placodes
    • Syns and develops from for profundal and trigeminal placodes, nerves etc. Issue 693 ANiknejad mellybelly
    • obsoleting AEO-derived epithelial placode and merging with ectodermal placode
    • adding df to pre-placodal ectoderm for all neurogenic placodes
  • urogenital
    • gonadal/genital ridge fixes
  • comparative biology
  • skeletal
    • carapace plate syns
    • added definitions for ribs, clarifying that homology of serial elements not implied
  • vasculature
    • adding grouping chamber classes for lateral sides. Not quite equivalent to the xreffed FMA class. Fixes 674 drseb
    • Added design pattern for deep and superficial vasculature. Fixes 680 drseb
    • veins, lymph nodes, TCs, some brain logical defs
  • bridging axioms
    • Moved some constraints into pending axioms, to avoid incoherent combined ontologies. Fixes 694 balhoff
    • fixing non 1:1 emapa xrefs, thanks for tfhayamizu for clarifications
    • Fixed some FMA xrefs. Issue 683 drseb
    • fixed wikipedia depiction images; we always now use the full image, not a thumb
    • Added more Wikipedia xrefs
  • Other
    • removing nasty hidden non-ascii characters in def of nerve cord and others from PMID:21062451. Issue 691 ANiknejad
    • Ensuring all defs have at least one source
    • Auto-added some placeholder defs from Wikipedia

Original Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2015-04-23/uberon.owl

New Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2015-05-25/uberon.owl

Report for classes

Class objects lost from source: 2

Class objects new in target: 165

New Class : pectoral fin base

New Class : right inguinal part of abdomen

New Class : branch of posterior cerebral artery

New Class : unencapsulated nerve ending

New Class : special sense organ system

New Class : left common iliac artery

New Class : superficial fibular nerve

New Class : anterior mediastinal lymph node

New Class : anterior surface of prostate

New Class : esophageal artery

New Class : body of gallbladder

New Class : deep middle cerebral vein

New Class : basal vein

New Class : lower inner quadrant of breast

New Class : right subcostal vein

New Class : posterior surface of kidney

New Class : costodiaphragmatic recess

New Class : endometrial cavity

New Class : anterior parietal artery

New Class : hilum of lymph node

New Class : gastrophrenic ligament

New Class : inferior hypophysial artery

New Class : left suprarenal vein

New Class : branch of basilar artery

New Class : surface of prostate

New Class : right suprarenal vein

New Class : mediastinal pleura

New Class : mucoid tissue

New Class : circumflex branch of left coronary artery

New Class : postcapillary venule

New Class : falx cerebelli

New Class : cervical part of esophagus

New Class : laryngeal ventricle

New Class : apex of prostate

New Class : urogenital diaphragm

New Class : triangular ligament of liver

New Class : cartilage of external acoustic meatus

New Class : enteropneust trunk

New Class : accessory nerve cord of dorsal region

New Class : collar nerve cord

New Class : maxillomandibular part of trigeminal ganglion complex

New Class : enteropneust collar

New Class : enteropneust proboscis

New Class : nucleus interstitio-pretectalis-subpretectalis

New Class : medial spiriform nucleus

New Class : lateral spiriform nucleus

New Class : maxillomandibular placode

New Class : profundal placode

New Class : profundal part of trigeminal ganglion complex

New Class : accessory optic system

New Class : nucleus circularis of pretectum

New Class : circular nucleus of antherior hypothalamic nucleus

New Class : accessory optic tract

New Class : nucleus lentiformis of pretectum

New Class : nucleus geniculatus of pretectum

New Class : upper uroneural

New Class : nucleus subpretectalis

New Class : subpretectal complex of Aves

New Class : nucleus pretectalis diffusus

New Class : nucleus lentiformis mesencephali (Aves)

New Class : tectal gray nucleus (Testudines)

New Class : ventral pretectal nucleus (sauropsida)

New Class : nucleus lentiformis thalamus

New Class : nucleus posteriodorsalis of pretectum

New Class : nucleus praetectalis profundus

New Class : dorsal pretectal periventricular nucleus

New Class : ventral pretectal periventricular nucleus

New Class : paracommissural nucleus of solitary tract

New Class : paracommissural periventricular pretectal nucleus

New Class : tectothalamic tract

New Class : intermediate pretectal nucleus

New Class : magnocellular superficial pretectal nucleus

New Class : obsolete fascia dentata

New Class : styliform element

New Class : central pretectal nucleus

New Class : accessory pretectal nucleus

New Class : parvocellular superficial pretectal nucleus

New Class : caudal pretectal nucleus

New Class : periventricular pretectal nucleus

New Class : superficial pretectal nucleus

New Class : left cardiac chamber

New Class : right cardiac chamber

New Class : lateral line sense organ

New Class : superficial vein

New Class : deep vasculature

New Class : deep vein

New Class : deep lymphatic vessel

New Class : upper inner quadrant of breast

New Class : superficial vasculature

New Class : colic artery

New Class : posterior ciliary vein

New Class : uveal vein

New Class : calcarine artery

New Class : sigmoid artery

New Class : valve of foramen ovale

New Class : plantar metatarsal artery

New Class : superficial lymphatic vessel

New Class : posterior surface of prostate

New Class : infraclavicular region

New Class : infraclavicular lymph node

New Class : abdominal part of esophagus

New Class : right ear

New Class : obturator lymph node

New Class : entire surface of organism

New Class : posterior temporal artery

New Class : neck of gallbladder

New Class : superior thoracic artery

New Class : roof of nasopharynx

New Class : supraclavicular lymph node

New Class : epigastrium

New Class : lateral wall of oropharynx

New Class : axillary tail of breast

New Class : left ear

New Class : branch of posterior tibial artery

New Class : tuberculum sellae

New Class : deep fibular nerve

New Class : occipital lymph node

New Class : gastrocolic ligament

New Class : thoracic part of esophagus

New Class : parasternal lymph node

New Class : paracolic gutter

New Class : basal zone of heart

New Class : tonsillar fossa

New Class : anterior temporal artery

New Class : posterior parietal artery

New Class : medial circumflex femoral vein

New Class : branch of internal carotid artery

New Class : superficial middle cerebral vein

New Class : posterior external jugular vein

New Class : anal sinus

New Class : posterior longitudinal ligament

New Class : posterior wall of oropharynx

New Class : left subcostal vein

New Class : mons pubis

New Class : left inguinal part of abdomen

New Class : anterior longitudinal ligament

New Class : diaphragma sellae

New Class : posterior wall of nasopharynx

New Class : superior hypophysial artery

New Class : hypophysial artery

New Class : space of Mall

New Class : branch of anterior cerebral artery

New Class : lateral wall of nasopharynx

New Class : branch of external carotid artery

New Class : branch of left coronary artery

New Class : cystic vein

New Class : upper outer quadrant of breast

New Class : right common iliac artery

New Class : sphenoparietal sinus

New Class : base of prostate

New Class : branch of vertebral artery

New Class : branch of ulnar artery

New Class : anterior median fissure of spinal cord

New Class : prostatic capsule

New Class : posterior wall of laryngopharynx

New Class : inferolateral surface of prostate

New Class : lower outer quadrant of breast

New Class : anterior surface of kidney

New Class : retroperitoneal lymph node

New Class : small cardiac vein

New Class : transverse fold of rectum

New Class : obsolete synapse

New Class : posterior lobe of prostate

New Class : branch of brachial artery

New Class : branch of middle cerebral artery

Changed Class objects: 1659

Changes for: internal cervical os

Changes for: posterior superior iliac spine

Changes for: posterior inferior iliac spine

Changes for: ramus nasalis medialis

Changes for: chondroglossus muscle

Changes for: female pubococcygeus muscle

Changes for: maxillary tooth

Changes for: supracoracoideus muscle of wing

Changes for: carina of sternum

Changes for: sagulum nucleus

Changes for: peripheral plate of carapace

Changes for: pleural plate of carapace

Changes for: neural plate of carapace

Changes for: pontocerebellar tract

Changes for: carapace scute

Changes for: plastron scute

Changes for: uterine lumen

Changes for: external cervical os

Changes for: patagialis muscle

Changes for: ventral thalamic fasciculus

Changes for: thoracic vertebra 8

Changes for: medial olfactory stria

Changes for: mammary lobe

Changes for: monotreme bill

Changes for: rugal fold of scrotum

Changes for: autonomic nerve

Changes for: foveola of retina

  • Deleted
    • - foveola of retina definition A region of the fovea centralis that lies in the center of the fovea and contains only cone cells, and a cone-shaped zone of Müller cells
  • Added

Changes for: opisthosome

Changes for: trophosome

Changes for: mammary gland

Changes for: thalamic reticular nucleus

Changes for: habenula

Changes for: pineal body

Changes for: subthalamic nucleus

Changes for: optic tract

Changes for: habenular commissure

Changes for: lateral hypothalamic nucleus

Changes for: dorsomedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: lateral preoptic nucleus

Changes for: ventral lateral nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: lateral geniculate body

Changes for: medial geniculate body

Changes for: preoptic area

Changes for: Verson’s gland

  • Deleted
    • - Verson’s gland definition A gland found in the larvae of lepidoptera. Each gland is made of three cells: the secretory cell, the reservoir cell and the canal cell.
  • Added

Changes for: presubiculum

Changes for: white pulp of spleen

Changes for: primary subdivision of skull

Changes for: gular region

Changes for: pretectal region

Changes for: midbrain tegmentum

Changes for: medial habenular nucleus

Changes for: lateral habenular nucleus

Changes for: red nucleus

Changes for: superior colliculus

  • Deleted
    • - superior colliculus comment The term SC is used when discussing mammals, and OT for other vertebrates[WP]. The tectum is a layered structure, with a number of layers that vary by species. The superficial layers are sensory-related, and receive input from the eyes as well as other sensory systems.[1] The optic tectum is one of the fundamental components of the vertebrate brain, existing across the full range of species from hagfish to human.[4] (See the brain article for background.) Some aspects of the structure are very consistent, including a structure composed of a number of layers, with a dense input from the optic nerve to the superficial layers and another strong input conveying somatosensory input to deeper layers. Other aspects are highly variable, such as the total number of layers (from 3 in the African lungfish to 15 in the goldfish[5]), and the number of different types of cells (from 2 in the lungfish to 27 in the house sparrow[5]). In hagfish, lamprey, and shark it is a relatively small structure, but in teleost fish it is greatly expanded, in some cases becoming the largest structure in the brain. (See the adjoining drawing of a codfish brain.) In amphibians, reptiles, and especially birds it is also a very significant component, but in mammals it is dwarfed by the massive expansion of the cerebral cortex.
    • - superior colliculus depicted by http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/da/Cn3nucleus.png/200px-Cn3nucleus.png
  • Added
    • + superior colliculus comment ). In hagfish, lamprey, and shark it is a relatively small structure, but in teleost fish it is greatly expanded, in some cases becoming the largest structure in the brain. (See the adjoining drawing of a codfish brain.) In amphibians, reptiles, and especially birds it is also a very significant component, but in mammals it is dwarfed by the massive expansion of the cerebral cortex.
    • + superior colliculus taxon notes The tectum is a layered structure, with a number of layers that vary by species. The superficial layers are sensory-related, and receive input from the eyes as well as other sensory systems.[1] The optic tectum is one of the fundamental components of the vertebrate brain, existing across the full range of species from hagfish to human.[4] (See the brain article for background.) Some aspects of the structure are very consistent, including a structure composed of a number of layers, with a dense input from the optic nerve to the superficial layers and another strong input conveying somatosensory input to deeper layers. Other aspects are highly variable, such as the total number of layers (from 3 in the African lungfish to 15 in the goldfish[5]), and the number of different types of cells (from 2 in the lungfish to 27 in the house sparrow[5]
    • + superior colliculus taxon notes The term SC is used when discussing mammals, and OT for other vertebrates[WP]

Changes for: venule

Changes for: nasal suture

Changes for: semen

Changes for: least splanchnic nerve

Changes for: elastic cartilage tissue

Changes for: olfactory epithelium

Changes for: sternocostal joint

Changes for: cervical ganglion

Changes for: middle cervical ganglion

Changes for: fibrocartilage

Changes for: hyaline cartilage tissue

Changes for: placenta

Changes for: corneal endothelium

Changes for: superior cervical ganglion

Changes for: superior tibiofibular joint

Changes for: arteriole

Changes for: crypt of Lieberkuhn

Changes for: blood vessel

Changes for: middle thyroid artery

Changes for: jejunal artery

Changes for: organ system subdivision

Changes for: lower molar 3

Changes for: egg tooth

Changes for: nucleus of optic tract

  • Deleted
    • - nucleus of optic tract definition Predominantly gray matter structure consisting of large multipoloar cells lying aong axons of the brachium of the superior colliculus, lyaing adjaent to the dorsal terminal nucleus of the accessory optic system. In several species, cells of this nucleus receive inpu from the contralateral retina (Sefton and Dreher in Paxinos, G. The rat nervous system, 1995, pg. 862). { database cross reference=NIFSTD:birnlex_868 }
  • Added
    • + nucleus of optic tract definition Predominantly gray matter structure consisting of large multipoloar cells lying aong axons of the brachium of the superior colliculus, lyaing adjaent to the dorsal terminal nucleus of the accessory optic system. In several species, cells of this nucleus receive input from the contralateral retina (Sefton and Dreher in Paxinos, G. The rat nervous system, 1995, pg. 862). { database cross reference=NIFSTD:birnlex_868 }

Changes for: nucleus of Bischoff

  • Deleted
    • - nucleus of Bischoff definition A midline nucleus of the dorsal motor column found in animals with a prominent tail, including alligator, some birds, kangaroo, rat, shrew, great anteater.
  • Added

Changes for: subserosal plexus

Changes for: palpebral fissure

Changes for: lacrimal gland

Changes for: tarsal gland

Changes for: lumbosacral nerve plexus

Changes for: spinal nerve plexus

Changes for: brachial nerve plexus

Changes for: conjunctiva

Changes for: sympathetic ganglion

Changes for: paravertebral ganglion

Changes for: parasympathetic ganglion

Changes for: posterior segment of eyeball

Changes for: capsule of lens

Changes for: autopod pad

Changes for: primitive palate

Changes for: deep cervical artery

Changes for: diencephalon

Changes for: medulla oblongata

Changes for: metencephalon

Changes for: forebrain

Changes for: midbrain

Changes for: dorsal plus ventral thalamus

Changes for: epithalamus

Changes for: dentate gyrus of hippocampal formation

Changes for: phrenic nerve

Changes for: olfactory tubercle

Changes for: nucleus accumbens

Changes for: island of Calleja

Changes for: levator claviculae muscle

Changes for: lateral olfactory stria

Changes for: choroid plexus

Changes for: internal capsule of telencephalon

Changes for: parietal lobe

Changes for: temporal lobe

Changes for: putamen

Changes for: caudate nucleus

Changes for: globus pallidus

Changes for: amygdala

Changes for: scala vestibuli

Changes for: vestibular labyrinth

Changes for: endolymphatic duct

Changes for: cartilage of external ear

Changes for: scala tympani

Changes for: endolymph

Changes for: posterior semicircular duct

Changes for: lateral semicircular duct

Changes for: saccule of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: cochlear duct of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: rostral organ

Changes for: semicircular canal

Changes for: anterior semicircular canal

Changes for: membranous labyrinth

Changes for: auricular cartilage

Changes for: internal ear

Changes for: cochlea

Changes for: lateral semicircular canal

Changes for: posterior semicircular canal

Changes for: sublingual gland

Changes for: parotid gland

Changes for: upper lip

Changes for: lip

Changes for: lower lip

Changes for: quadratojugal bone

Changes for: bony labyrinth

Changes for: nasal cartilage

Changes for: sebaceous gland

Changes for: sweat gland

Changes for: nasal cavity mucosa

Changes for: paranasal sinus

Changes for: gingiva

Changes for: extrinsic tongue pre-muscle mass

Changes for: outer limiting layer of retina

Changes for: photoreceptor layer of retina

Changes for: outer nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: nerve to stylopharyngeus from glossopharyngeal nerve

Changes for: optic disc

Changes for: cranial nerve

Changes for: fovea centralis

Changes for: pigmented layer of retina

Changes for: vitreous body

Changes for: molar 3

Changes for: aqueous humor of eyeball

Changes for: vitreous humor

Changes for: inner limiting layer of retina

Changes for: inner plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: ganglionic layer of retina

Changes for: outer plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: inner nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: cervical sympathetic nerve trunk

Changes for: arcuate artery of foot

Changes for: anterior pretectal nucleus

Changes for: mental nerve

Changes for: podotheca

Changes for: dental pulp

Changes for: pinna

  • Deleted
    • - pinna definition Visible part of the ear that resides outside of the head. The purpose of the pinna is to collect sound. It does so by acting as a funnel, amplifying the sound and directing it to the ear canal. While reflecting from the pinna, sound also goes through a filtering process which adds directional information to the sound (see sound localization, head-related transfer function, pinna notch). The filtering effect of the human pinna preferentially selects sounds in the frequency range of human speech. In various species, the pinna can also signal mood and radiate heat. { database cross reference=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinna_(anatomy) }
  • Added

Changes for: vagus nerve

Changes for: infundibular organ

Changes for: corniculate cartilage

Changes for: arytenoid cartilage

Changes for: secondary nodular lymphoid tissue

Changes for: brachiocephalic muscle

Changes for: sclera

Changes for: corneal epithelium

Changes for: ciliary body

Changes for: pupil

Changes for: optic choroid

Changes for: substantia propria of cornea

Changes for: iris stroma

Changes for: cleidobrachialis muscle

Changes for: cleidocephalicus muscle

Changes for: maxillary sinus

Changes for: odontogenic papilla

Changes for: nasal concha

Changes for: frontal sinus

Changes for: posterior chamber of eyeball

Changes for: uvea

Changes for: transverse process of atlas

Changes for: anterior chamber of eyeball

Changes for: nucleus ambiguus

Changes for: male bulbospongiosus muscle

Changes for: mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: eyelid

Changes for: lower jaw region

Changes for: lower eyelid

Changes for: upper eyelid

Changes for: oculomotor nuclear complex

Changes for: spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: secondary palate

Changes for: upper jaw region

Changes for: nasal cavity

Changes for: eyelash

Changes for: geniculate ganglion

Changes for: nasal septum

Changes for: submandibular gland

Changes for: thyroid cartilage

Changes for: soft palate

Changes for: pharyngeal tonsil

Changes for: palatine uvula

Changes for: cochlear nucleus

Changes for: oropharynx

Changes for: nasopharynx

Changes for: taste bud

Changes for: sphenoidal sinus

Changes for: tongue

Changes for: medial vestibular nucleus

Changes for: tibialis posterior

Changes for: flexor digitorum longus

Changes for: superior cerebellar vein

Changes for: anterior auricular vein

Changes for: cerebral vein

Changes for: inferior cerebral vein

Changes for: triceps surae

Changes for: maxillary vein

Changes for: deep temporal vein

Changes for: temporal bone

Changes for: sphenoid bone

Changes for: trigeminal ganglion

Changes for: occipital bone

Changes for: central retinal vein

Changes for: temporal vein

Changes for: inferior cerebellar vein

Changes for: malleus bone

Changes for: incus bone

Changes for: nasal bone

Changes for: palatine bone

Changes for: jugal bone

Changes for: mandible

Changes for: hyoid bone

Changes for: auditory ossicle bone

Changes for: stapes bone

Changes for: sensory root of facial nerve

Changes for: exoccipital bone

Changes for: petrous part of temporal bone

Changes for: external ear

Changes for: basioccipital bone

Changes for: articulation

Changes for: crus of penis or clitoris

Changes for: supramarginal gyrus

Changes for: abducens nucleus

Changes for: nucleus raphe obscurus

Changes for: ventral supraoptic decussation

Changes for: vestibular nuclear complex

Changes for: sphincter of hepatopancreatic ampulla

Changes for: biliary bud

Changes for: duodenal papilla

Changes for: hepatopancreatic ampulla

Changes for: ventral tegmental area

Changes for: parieto-occipital sulcus

Changes for: preoccipital notch

Changes for: decussation of medial lemniscus

Changes for: cuneocerebellar tract

Changes for: ventral anterior nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: anterior nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: cerebral crus

Changes for: superior frontal gyrus

Changes for: superior medullary velum

Changes for: anterior horn of lateral ventricle

Changes for: body of lateral ventricle

Changes for: medial tarsal artery

Changes for: upper respiratory tract

Changes for: lower respiratory tract

Changes for: matrix compartment of caudate nucleus

Changes for: matrix compartment of putamen

Changes for: popliteal vein

Changes for: popliteal lymph node

Changes for: medial plantar artery

Changes for: peroneal artery

Changes for: striosomal part of caudate nucleus

Changes for: striosomal part of putamen

Changes for: small saphenous vein

Changes for: anterior tibial vein

Changes for: posterior tibial vein

Changes for: genioglossus muscle

Changes for: inferior pharyngeal constrictor

Changes for: styloglossus

Changes for: hyoglossus muscle

Changes for: lower part of vagina

Changes for: extrinsic muscle of tongue

Changes for: palatoglossus muscle

Changes for: facial muscle

Changes for: intrinsic muscle of tongue

Changes for: orbicularis oculi muscle

Changes for: olfactory nerve

Changes for: digastric muscle group

Changes for: cricothyroid muscle

Changes for: geniohyoid muscle

Changes for: longus capitis muscle

Changes for: constrictor muscle of pharynx

Changes for: cheek

Changes for: muscle of larynx

Changes for: masseter muscle

Changes for: temporalis muscle

Changes for: stapedius muscle

Changes for: venous plexus

Changes for: azygos vein

Changes for: auricular muscle

Changes for: pericardiacophrenic vein

Changes for: thenar muscle

Changes for: subclavian vein

Changes for: vertebral vein

Changes for: anterior vena cava

Changes for: internal jugular vein

Changes for: extrinsic auricular muscle

Changes for: left subclavian artery

Changes for: depressor labii inferioris

Changes for: buccinator muscle

Changes for: levator labii superioris

Changes for: intercostal nerve

Changes for: mediastinum

Changes for: cervical plexus

Changes for: vestibular nerve

Changes for: musculocutaneous nerve

Changes for: lingual nerve

Changes for: anterior cranial fossa

Changes for: levator palpebrae superioris

Changes for: ciliary muscle

Changes for: stomach non-glandular epithelium

Changes for: sphincter pupillae

Changes for: tensor tympani

Changes for: extra-ocular muscle

Changes for: medial rectus extraocular muscle

Changes for: lateral rectus extra-ocular muscle

Changes for: dilatator pupillae

Changes for: isthmus of thyroid gland

Changes for: artery of lip

Changes for: buccal artery

Changes for: transverse facial artery

Changes for: maxillary artery

Changes for: occipital artery

Changes for: superficial temporal artery

Changes for: sublingual artery

Changes for: facial artery

Changes for: ophthalmic artery

Changes for: lingual artery

Changes for: dorsal nasal artery

Changes for: right coronary artery

Changes for: anterior cerebral artery

Changes for: middle cerebral artery

Changes for: left coronary artery

Changes for: carotid body

Changes for: posterior communicating artery

Changes for: central retinal artery

Changes for: coronary artery

Changes for: posterior cerebral artery

Changes for: superior cerebellar artery

Changes for: basilar artery

Changes for: hepatic portal vein

Changes for: vein

Changes for: artery

Changes for: thoracic duct

Changes for: temporal artery

Changes for: glossopharyngeal nerve

Changes for: vestibulocochlear nerve

Changes for: trigeminal nerve

Changes for: trochlear nerve

Changes for: facial nerve

Changes for: abducens nerve

Changes for: celiac artery

Changes for: transverse sinus

Changes for: superior sagittal sinus

Changes for: oculomotor nerve

Changes for: presumptive midbrain

Changes for: transverse facial vein

Changes for: middle temporal vein

Changes for: superficial temporal vein

Changes for: retromandibular vein

Changes for: facial vein

Changes for: supraorbital vein

Changes for: right pulmonary artery

Changes for: left pulmonary artery

Changes for: cingulate sulcus

Changes for: nucleus of posterior commissure

Changes for: rubrospinal tract

Changes for: circular sulcus of insula

Changes for: collateral sulcus

Changes for: solitary tract

Changes for: rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus

Changes for: orbital cavity

Changes for: paraaortic lymph node

Changes for: splanchnopleure

Changes for: urogenital fold

Changes for: somatopleure

Changes for: isthmus of cingulate gyrus

Changes for: medial dorsal nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: intralaminar nuclear group

Changes for: lateral nuclear group of thalamus

Changes for: perinatal stage

Changes for: sciatic lymph node

Changes for: eponychium

Changes for: basal forebrain

Changes for: posterior cingulate gyrus

Changes for: diagonal band of Broca

Changes for: lung hilus

Changes for: ileocolic lymph node

Changes for: accessory XI nerve spinal component

  • Added
    • + accessory XI nerve spinal component database cross reference http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_root_of_accessory_nerve
    • + accessory XI nerve spinal component definition The spinal root of accessory nerve (or part) is firm in texture, and its fibers arise from the motor cells in the lateral part of the anterior column of the gray substance of the medulla spinalis as low as the fifth cervical nerve. Passing through the lateral funiculus of the medulla spinalis, they emerge on its surface and unite to form a single trunk, which ascends between the ligamentum denticulatum and the posterior roots of the spinal nerves; enters the skull through the foramen magnum, and is then directed to the jugular foramen, through which it passes, lying in the same sheath of dura mater as the vagus, but separated from it by a fold of the arachnoid. In the jugular foramen, it receives one or two filaments from the cranial part of the nerve, or else joins it for a short distance and then separates from it again. As its exit from the jugular foramen, it runs backward in front of the internal jugular vein in 66.6 per cent. of cases, and behind in it 33.3 per cent. The nerve then descends obliquely behind the Digastricus and Stylohyoideus to the upper part of the Sternocleidomastoideus; it pierces this muscle, and courses obliquely across the posterior triangle of the neck, to end in the deep surface of the Trapezius. As it traverses the Sternocleidomastoideus it gives several filaments to the muscle, and joins with branches from the second cervical nerve. In the posterior triangle it unites with the second and third cervical nerves, while beneath the Trapezius it forms a plexus with the third and fourth cervical nerves, and from this plexus fibers are distributed to the muscle. { database cross reference=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_root_of_accessory_nerve,Wikipedia:Spinal_root_of_accessory_nerve }

Changes for: feather barbicel

Changes for: deep parotid lymph node

Changes for: pedal digitopodium region

Changes for: manual digitopodium region

Changes for: anterior inferior cerebellar artery

Changes for: posterior inferior cerebellar artery

Changes for: posterior nuclear complex of thalamus

Changes for: posterior nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: corticospinal tract

Changes for: metathalamus

Changes for: midline nuclear group

Changes for: middle frontal gyrus

Changes for: precentral gyrus

Changes for: intergluteal cleft

Changes for: decussation of superior cerebellar peduncle

Changes for: brachium of superior colliculus

Changes for: postcentral gyrus

Changes for: pontine reticular formation

Changes for: temporal pole

Changes for: olivary pretectal nucleus

Changes for: pars endotympanica

  • Deleted
    • - pars endotympanica definition This is present in the cat and forms the large medial part of the Bulla tympanica. It is not to be regarded as a part of the pars tympanica, which ossifies directly from connective tissue, whereas the Pars endotympanica is preformed in cartilage. The Septum bullae in the cat is formed by the Pars tympanica as well as by the Pars endotympanica(NOMINA ANATOMICA VETERINARIA (2005)).
  • Added
    • + pars endotympanica definition This is present in the cat and forms the large medial part of the Bulla tympanica. It is not to be regarded as a part of the pars tympanica, which ossifies directly from connective tissue, whereas the Pars endotympanica is preformed in cartilage. The Septum bullae in the cat is formed by the Pars tympanica as well as by the Pars endotympanica(NOMINA ANATOMICA VETERINARIA (2005)). { database cross reference=UBERON:cjm }

Changes for: basal part of pons

Changes for: superior frontal sulcus

Changes for: mesocolic lymph node

Changes for: anatomical cavity

Changes for: interstitial nucleus of Cajal

Changes for: pancreaticoduodenal lymph node

Changes for: lateral line system

Changes for: scale

Changes for: pharyngeal arch

Changes for: male membranous urethra

Changes for: anterior cervical lymph node

Changes for: sacral lymph node

Changes for: brachial lymph node

Changes for: palmar branch of median nerve

Changes for: submandibular lymph node

Changes for: tunica intima

Changes for: tunica media

Changes for: basicranium

Changes for: otolith organ

Changes for: periosteum

Changes for: corpus luteum

Changes for: anterior fontanel

Changes for: calcaneus

Changes for: distal tarsal bone 1

Changes for: navicular bone of pes

Changes for: distal tarsal bone 3

Changes for: distal tarsal bone 2

Changes for: face

Changes for: cuboid bone

Changes for: chest

Changes for: metatarsal bone

Changes for: fibula

Changes for: tarsal bone

Changes for: distal carpal bone 3

Changes for: distal carpal bone 4

Changes for: pretectal nucleus

Changes for: carpal bone

Changes for: epiphysis

Changes for: pisiform

Changes for: scaphoid

Changes for: ulna

Changes for: wrist joint

Changes for: radial nerve

Changes for: axillary nerve

Changes for: ulnar nerve

Changes for: pectoral muscle

Changes for: ascending aorta

Changes for: Pacinian corpuscle

Changes for: splenic vein

Changes for: articular capsule

Changes for: muscle of shoulder

Changes for: ankle joint

Changes for: carotid sinus

Changes for: inguinal canal

Changes for: circle of Willis

Changes for: glenohumeral joint

Changes for: infraspinatus muscle

Changes for: teres major muscle

Changes for: vaginal venous plexus

Changes for: lymphatic vessel

Changes for: sesamoid bone

Changes for: prepyriform area

Changes for: paracentral sulcus

Changes for: shoulder

Changes for: principal sensory nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: hip

Changes for: knee

Changes for: manual digit 1

Changes for: arm

Changes for: ventral posterior nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: sternoclavicular joint

Changes for: manual digit 4

Changes for: manual digit 5

Changes for: manual digit 3

Changes for: manual digit 2

Changes for: pedal digit 5

Changes for: lateral malleolus of fibula

Changes for: hemisphere of embryo

Changes for: spermaceti organ

Changes for: radio-ulnar joint

Changes for: abductor pollicis longus

Changes for: fascia lata

Changes for: synovial bursa

Changes for: brachiocephalic artery

Changes for: extensor carpi radialis longus muscle

Changes for: flexor digitorum profundus

Changes for: extensor carpi ulnaris muscle

Changes for: pronator teres

Changes for: flexor carpi radialis muscle

Changes for: flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

Changes for: blood vessel layer

Changes for: posterior tibial artery

Changes for: anterior tibial artery

Changes for: left common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: vertebral artery

Changes for: right subclavian artery

Changes for: internal carotid artery

Changes for: subclavian artery

Changes for: common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: right common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: brachialis muscle

Changes for: coracobrachialis muscle

Changes for: arch of aorta

Changes for: biceps brachii

Changes for: triceps brachii

Changes for: tunicate siphon

Changes for: intermaxillary process

Changes for: posterior nasal aperture

Changes for: superior eyelid tarsus

Changes for: thoracic aorta

Changes for: descending aorta

Changes for: abdominal aorta

Changes for: cochlear nuclear complex

Changes for: dermal skeletal element

Changes for: tuber cinereum

Changes for: diaphysis

Changes for: triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus

Changes for: orbital part of inferior frontal gyrus

Changes for: cerebral peduncle

Changes for: foramen magnum

Changes for: tooth socket

Changes for: sella turcica

Changes for: abdominal cavity

Changes for: pubic symphysis

Changes for: abdominal wall

  • Deleted
    • - abdominal wall definition The abdominal wall represents the boundaries of the abdominal cavity. The abdominal wall is split into the posterior (back), lateral (sides) and anterior (front) walls. There is a common set of layers covering and forming all the walls: the deepest being the extraperitoneal fat, the parietal peritoneum, and a layer of fascia which has different names over where it covers (eg transversalis, psoas fascia). Superficial to these, but not present in the posterior wall are the three layers of muscle, the transversus abdominis (transverse abdominal muscle), the internal (obliquus internus) and the external oblique (obliquus externus). { database cross reference=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_wall }
  • Added
    • + abdominal wall definition The tissues that surround the organs that are present within the abdominal cavity. The abdominal wall tissue is composed of layers of fat, parietal peritoneum, fascia, and muscles. { database cross reference=ncithesaurus:Abdominal_Wall }

Changes for: metacarpophalangeal joint

Changes for: limbic lobe

Changes for: retroperitoneal space

Changes for: acromioclavicular joint

Changes for: fused sacrum

Changes for: ventral nucleus of lateral lemniscus

Changes for: paraterminal gyrus

Changes for: neuropil

Changes for: jugular vein

Changes for: annulus fibrosus disci intervertebralis

Changes for: corpus cavernosum penis

Changes for: septum pellucidum

Changes for: kidney arcuate vein

Changes for: cerebellar vermis