/releases/2014-05-16/uberon

Increased linkages between structures and stages. Using new RO IDs for structure-stage relations. Plus pharyngeal pouch fixes
/releases/2014-05-16/uberon image
  • administrative
    • expanded some curator xrefs to orcids
    • making many dbxrefs URIs in the OWL
  • skeletal
    • adding has_quality mineralized for some elements
    • NT: intertarsal-type crurotarsal joint
  • development
    • refining df relations for PA pouches 1 and 2
    • obsoleting life stage boundary
    • structure-stage relations overhaul
      • removing unused relations
      • adding RO xrefs
    • relabeled aortic arch child terms. Fixes #448
  • renal
    • renal tubule fixes, clarifying starts/ends. With dph.

Ontology Diff Report

Original Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2014-05-08/uberon.owl

New Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2014-05-16/uberon.owl

Report for classes

Class objects lost from source: 0

Class objects new in target: 3

New Class : ovarian fossa

New Class : intertarsal-type crurotarsal joint

New Class : craniopharyngeal canal

Changed Class objects: 3543

Changes for: capillary blood

Changes for: rostral linear nucleus

Changes for: paranigral nucleus

Changes for: parabrachial pigmental nucleus

Changes for: deep inguinal ring

Changes for: superficial inguinal ring

Changes for: notochordal canal

Changes for: levator nasolabialis muscle

Changes for: digit 3 digitopodial skeleton

Changes for: digit 4 digitopodial skeleton

Changes for: digit 5 digitopodial skeleton

Changes for: digit 2 digitopodial skeleton

Changes for: digit 1 digitopodial skeleton

Changes for: egg capsule

Changes for: supra-orbital ridge

Changes for: buttock

Changes for: strand of pubic hair

Changes for: sphincter colli superficialis muscle

Changes for: masseteric artery

Changes for: gingiva of upper jaw

Changes for: gingiva of lower jaw

Changes for: midgut loop

Changes for: embryonic cardiovascular system

Changes for: external cervical os

Changes for: intermammary cleft

Changes for: intermammary line

Changes for: pineal gland stalk

Changes for: jugular lymph sac

Changes for: utriculosaccular duct

Changes for: spinal cord dorsal commissural nucleus

Changes for: differentiated genital tubercle

Changes for: manual digit 5 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: manual digit 4 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: manual digit 3 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: manual digit 2 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit 5 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit 4 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit 1 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit 3 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit 2 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: pedal digit plus metapodial segment

Changes for: manual digit 1 plus metapodial segment

Changes for: superficial fascia

Changes for: areolar gland

Changes for: dense irregular connective tissue

Changes for: loose connective tissue

Changes for: dense connective tissue

Changes for: duct of sebaceous gland

Changes for: internal acoustic meatus

Changes for: collagen fibril

Changes for: synarthrosis

Changes for: amphiarthrosis

Changes for: endomysium

Changes for: epimysium

Changes for: lacrimal nerve

Changes for: obturator muscle

Changes for: obturator internus

Changes for: uterovesical pouch

Changes for: thoracic vertebra 8

Changes for: aryepiglotticus muscle

Changes for: pyramidalis

Changes for: colorectum

Changes for: medial forebrain bundle

Changes for: mammary gland

Changes for: corpus spongiosum of penis

Changes for: colostrum

Changes for: endothelium of capillary

Changes for: milk

Changes for: lamina propria of large intestine

Changes for: endothelium of venule

Changes for: endothelium of vein

Changes for: lesser tubercle of humerus

Changes for: endothelium of arteriole

Changes for: endothelium of artery

Changes for: gastrointestinal sphincter

Changes for: epithelium of crypt of lieberkuhn

Changes for: greater tubercle of humerus

Changes for: Krause’s gland

Changes for: ophthalmic plexus

Changes for: ventral thalamus

Changes for: epithelium of trachea

Changes for: lunule of nail

Changes for: thalamic reticular nucleus

Changes for: habenula

Changes for: pineal body

Changes for: subthalamic nucleus

Changes for: zona incerta

Changes for: optic tract

Changes for: prostatic utricle

Changes for: habenular commissure

Changes for: muscle layer of large intestine

Changes for: parathyroid epithelium

Changes for: inferior parathyroid epithelium

Changes for: tuberomammillary nucleus

Changes for: lateral hypothalamic nucleus

Changes for: dorsomedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: retrochiasmatic area

Changes for: paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: lateral preoptic nucleus

Changes for: lateral mammillary nucleus

Changes for: medial mammillary nucleus

Changes for: central medial nucleus

Changes for: paracentral nucleus

Changes for: ventral lateral nucleus

Changes for: lateral geniculate body

Changes for: paraventricular nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: reuniens nucleus

Changes for: parafascicular nucleus

Changes for: medial geniculate body

Changes for: preoptic area

Changes for: supraoptic nucleus

Changes for: presubiculum

Changes for: epithelium of oropharynx

Changes for: epithelium of respiratory bronchiole

Changes for: Ammon’s horn

Changes for: submucosa of bronchus

Changes for: cartilage of bronchus

Changes for: white pulp of spleen

Changes for: epithelium of terminal bronchiole

Changes for: neocortex

Changes for: epithelium of nasopharynx

Changes for: sylvian cistern

Changes for: cuneiform cartilage

Changes for: gingival epithelium

Changes for: pretectal region

Changes for: midbrain tegmentum

Changes for: medial habenular nucleus

Changes for: lateral habenular nucleus

Changes for: pharyngeal arch derived gill

Changes for: regional part of spinal cord

Changes for: red nucleus

Changes for: inferior colliculus

Changes for: superior colliculus

Changes for: supramammillary nucleus

Changes for: crico-esophageal tendon

Changes for: supraoccipital pre-cartilage condensation

Changes for: venule

Changes for: lamina propria of esophagus

Changes for: serum

Changes for: epithelium of esophagus

Changes for: bile

Changes for: gastric juice

Changes for: anterior division of bed nuclei of stria terminalis

Changes for: fusiform nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: oval nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: posterior division of bed nuclei of stria terminalis

Changes for: principal nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: transverse nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: blood plasma

Changes for: semen

Changes for: substantia nigra pars reticulata

Changes for: substantia nigra pars compacta

Changes for: bronchial-associated lymphoid tissue

Changes for: retrorubral area

Changes for: mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

Changes for: gut-associated lymphoid tissue

Changes for: elastic cartilage tissue

Changes for: olfactory epithelium

Changes for: sternocostal joint

Changes for: iliopsoas

Changes for: synovial joint of pelvic girdle

Changes for: middle cervical ganglion

Changes for: reticular layer of dermis

Changes for: papillary layer of dermis

Changes for: fibrocartilage

Changes for: hyaline cartilage tissue

Changes for: placenta

  • Deleted
    • - placenta comment Taxon notes: Eutherians: In eutherians, the chorioallantoic membrane of the fetus establishes intimate contact with the adjacent vascular wall of the mother’s uterus to produce the placenta, a composite structure formed in part from tissues of the fetus and in part from tissues of the mother [ISBN10:0073040584 “Vertebrates, Kardong”]. TODO - is taxon restriction too strict, even if we restrict def to allantoic placenta? - WP says: also found in some snakes and lizards with varying levels of development up to mammalian levels. Pough et al. 1992. Herpetology: Third Edition. Pearson Prentice Hall:Pearson Education, Inc., 2002. // See also: doi:10.1002/jmor.11011 // Marsupials possess only a rudimentary placenta, with reduced nutrient and oxygen exchanging capabilities.
    • - placenta database cross reference ncithesaurus:Placenta
  • Added
    • + placenta comment Taxon notes: Eutherians: In eutherians, the chorioallantoic membrane of the fetus establishes intimate contact with the adjacent vascular wall of the mother’s uterus to produce the placenta, a composite structure formed in part from tissues of the fetus and in part from tissues of the mother [ISBN10:0073040584 “Vertebrates, Kardong”]. TODO - is taxon restriction too strict, even if we restrict def to allantoic placenta? - WP says: also found in some snakes and lizards with varying levels of development up to mammalian levels. Pough et al. 1992. Herpetology: Third Edition. Pearson Prentice Hall:Pearson Education, Inc., 2002. // See also: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.11011 // Marsupials possess only a rudimentary placenta, with reduced nutrient and oxygen exchanging capabilities.
    • + placenta database cross reference http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Placenta

Changes for: feces

Changes for: corneal endothelium

Changes for: endothelium

Changes for: superior cervical ganglion

Changes for: carpometacarpal joint

Changes for: arteriole

Changes for: crypt of lieberkuhn of large intestine

Changes for: crypt of Lieberkuhn

Changes for: capillary

Changes for: blood vessel

Changes for: cricothyroid joint

Changes for: stifle joint

Changes for: cricoarytenoid joint

Changes for: intercarpal joint

Changes for: longissimus lumborum muscle

Changes for: root of vagus nerve

Changes for: rectovesical pouch

Changes for: sacrococcygeal symphysis

Changes for: muscle layer of small intestine

Changes for: urachus epithelium

Changes for: inferior frontal gyrus

Changes for: nucleus of medial eminence

Changes for: oral pontine reticular nucleus

Changes for: inferior central nucleus

Changes for: nucleus of pretectal area

Changes for: substantia nigra pars lateralis

Changes for: nucleus of optic tract

Changes for: mammillothalamic tract of hypothalamus

Changes for: supramammillary commissure

Changes for: paratenial nucleus

Changes for: subserosa

Changes for: muscle layer of urinary bladder

Changes for: lacrimal gland

Changes for: retromolar triangle

Changes for: tarsal gland

Changes for: lumbosacral nerve plexus

Changes for: somatic nerve plexus

Changes for: brachial nerve plexus

Changes for: conjunctiva

Changes for: palpebral conjunctiva

Changes for: nerve plexus

Changes for: sympathetic ganglion

Changes for: parasympathetic ganglion

Changes for: enteric ganglion

Changes for: posterior segment of eyeball

Changes for: capsule of lens

Changes for: autonomic ganglion

Changes for: sensory ganglion

Changes for: anterior segment of eyeball

Changes for: nasal-associated lymphoid tissue

Changes for: broad ligament of uterus

Changes for: cauda equina

Changes for: cervical artery

Changes for: diencephalon

Changes for: telencephalon

Changes for: medulla oblongata

Changes for: metencephalon

Changes for: forebrain

Changes for: midbrain

Changes for: dorsal plus ventral thalamus

Changes for: hypothalamus

Changes for: epithalamus

Changes for: dentate gyrus of hippocampal formation

Changes for: phrenic nerve

Changes for: olfactory tubercle

Changes for: nucleus accumbens

Changes for: island of calleja

Changes for: bed nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: gland of anal sac

Changes for: lateral olfactory tract

Changes for: choroid plexus

Changes for: internal capsule

Changes for: frontal cortex

Changes for: parietal lobe

Changes for: temporal lobe

Changes for: putamen

Changes for: caudate nucleus

Changes for: mastoid process of temporal bone

Changes for: globus pallidus

Changes for: amygdala

Changes for: medial septal nucleus

Changes for: septofimbrial nucleus

Changes for: nucleus of diagonal band

Changes for: vestibular labyrinth

Changes for: deep fascia

Changes for: sebum

Changes for: cartilage of external ear

Changes for: cerebral hemisphere

Changes for: endolymph

Changes for: saccule of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: utricle of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: semicircular duct

Changes for: cochlear duct of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: stomochord

Changes for: semicircular canal

Changes for: anterior semicircular canal

Changes for: membranous labyrinth

Changes for: lobule of pinna

Changes for: internal ear

Changes for: perilymph

Changes for: cochlea

Changes for: posterior semicircular canal

Changes for: minor salivary gland

Changes for: sublingual gland

Changes for: parotid gland

Changes for: upper lip

Changes for: lip

Changes for: saliva

Changes for: lower lip

Changes for: duct of salivary gland

Changes for: bony labyrinth

Changes for: nasal cartilage

Changes for: sebaceous gland

Changes for: sweat gland

Changes for: lacrimal gland secretion

Changes for: paranasal sinus

Changes for: mucosa of larynx

Changes for: major salivary gland

Changes for: gingiva

Changes for: outer limiting layer of retina

Changes for: photoreceptor layer of retina

Changes for: outer nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: hyoepiglottic ligament

Changes for: optic disc

Changes for: cranial nerve

Changes for: fovea centralis

  • Deleted
    • - fovea centralis database cross reference NIF_GrossAnatomy:birnlex_2543
    • - fovea centralis database cross reference ncithesaurus:Fovea_Centralis
    • - fovea centralis homology notes Definition of fovea centralis should be considered here as ‘an area centralis at the visual axis’ (reference 1). There is an uncertaincy of the relation, because: 1.-The fovea first appeared in evolution in the temporal retina of fishes. Then, in birds, the nasal fovea and bifoveal system with nasal and temporal foveas developed. The fovea disappeared in primitive mammals, and reappeared in primates. A residue of the fovea is conserved in the visual streak, and the disappearance and reappearance of the fovea, in primitive mammals and primates respectively, correlates with degeneration and restoration of cone pigment genes in photoreceptors (reference 2). 2.-Many retinal features (foveas, trichromacy, midget pathways and associated cell types) appear specific to primates. This has led to investigations in parallel with other mammalian models such as cat or rabbit. Correlation of the results often proves to be difficult, since an evolutionary scenario with transitions between the mammalian models is largely lacking (reference 3).[uncertain][VHOG] { date retrieved=2012-09-17 , external class=VHOG:0001572 , ontology=VHOG , source=http://bgee.unil.ch/ , source=DOI:10.1017/S095252380623342X Ahnelt PK, Schubert C, Kübber-Heiss A, Schiviz A, Anger E, Independent variation of retinal S and M cone photoreceptor topographies: A survey of four families of mammals. Visual neuroscience (2006), PMID:11193946 Azuma N, Molecular cell biology on morphogenesis of the fovea and evolution of the central vision. Nihon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi (2000), DOI:10.1016/S1350-9462(00)00012-4 Ahnelt PK, Kolb H, The mammalian photoreceptor mosaic-adaptive design. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research (2000) }
  • Added
    • + fovea centralis database cross reference http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Fovea_Centralis
    • + fovea centralis database cross reference http://uri.neuinfo.org/nif/nifstd/birnlex_2543
    • + fovea centralis homology notes Definition of fovea centralis should be considered here as ‘an area centralis at the visual axis’ (reference 1). There is an uncertaincy of the relation, because: 1.-The fovea first appeared in evolution in the temporal retina of fishes. Then, in birds, the nasal fovea and bifoveal system with nasal and temporal foveas developed. The fovea disappeared in primitive mammals, and reappeared in primates. A residue of the fovea is conserved in the visual streak, and the disappearance and reappearance of the fovea, in primitive mammals and primates respectively, correlates with degeneration and restoration of cone pigment genes in photoreceptors (reference 2). 2.-Many retinal features (foveas, trichromacy, midget pathways and associated cell types) appear specific to primates. This has led to investigations in parallel with other mammalian models such as cat or rabbit. Correlation of the results often proves to be difficult, since an evolutionary scenario with transitions between the mammalian models is largely lacking (reference 3).[uncertain][VHOG] { date retrieved=2012-09-17 , external class=VHOG:0001572 , ontology=VHOG , source=http://bgee.unil.ch/ , source=DOI:10.1017/S095252380623342X Ahnelt PK, Schubert C, Kübber-Heiss A, Schiviz A, Anger E, Independent variation of retinal S and M cone photoreceptor topographies: A survey of four families of mammals. Visual neuroscience (2006), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11193946 Azuma N, Molecular cell biology on morphogenesis of the fovea and evolution of the central vision. Nihon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi (2000), DOI:10.1016/S1350-9462(00)00012-4 Ahnelt PK, Kolb H, The mammalian photoreceptor mosaic-adaptive design. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research (2000) }

Changes for: spinal nerve

Changes for: layer of retina

Changes for: pigmented layer of retina

Changes for: vitreous chamber of eyeball

Changes for: vitreous body

Changes for: manubrium sternum pre-cartilage condensation

Changes for: aqueous humor of eyeball

Changes for: vitreous humor

Changes for: inner limiting layer of retina

Changes for: inner plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: ganglionic layer of retina

Changes for: outer plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: inner nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: hemopoietic tissue

Changes for: striated border microvillus layer

Changes for: layer of microvilli

Changes for: hepatogastric ligament

Changes for: mechanoreceptor

Changes for: sensory receptor

Changes for: Meissner’s corpuscle

Changes for: Ruffini nerve ending

Changes for: dentine

Changes for: lacrimal apparatus

Changes for: cementum

Changes for: enamel

Changes for: dental pulp

Changes for: middle ear

Changes for: pinna

Changes for: periodontium

Changes for: vagus nerve

Changes for: epiglottic cartilage

Changes for: corniculate cartilage

Changes for: arytenoid cartilage

Changes for: fibrous capsule of thyroid gland

Changes for: ligament of larynx

Changes for: lymphoid tissue

Changes for: capsule of parathyroid gland

Changes for: omotransversarius muscle

Changes for: sclera

  • Deleted
    • - sclera comment Development notes: Majority derives from NC that surrounds optic cup of neurectoderm; a small temporal portion develops from the mesoderm that contributes to striated extra-ocular muscles and vascular endothelia[Rada&Johnson]. Taxon notes: Multi-tissue structure that composes the opaque fibrous outer layer of the eye[ZFA] Seko et al demonstrate chondrogenic potential doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003709 and identify this as connective tissue. Disease notes: implicated in rheumatoid arthritis. Structure notes: continuous with the dura mater and the cornea; The sclera forms the posterior five-sixths of the connective tissue coat of the globe. Taxon notes: in fish, reptiles and monotremes the connective tissue of the sclera is skeletal
    • - sclera database cross reference ncithesaurus:Sclera
  • Added
    • + sclera comment Development notes: Majority derives from NC that surrounds optic cup of neurectoderm; a small temporal portion develops from the mesoderm that contributes to striated extra-ocular muscles and vascular endothelia[Rada&Johnson]. Taxon notes: Multi-tissue structure that composes the opaque fibrous outer layer of the eye[ZFA] Seko et al demonstrate chondrogenic potential http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003709 and identify this as connective tissue. Disease notes: implicated in rheumatoid arthritis. Structure notes: continuous with the dura mater and the cornea; The sclera forms the posterior five-sixths of the connective tissue coat of the globe. Taxon notes: in fish, reptiles and monotremes the connective tissue of the sclera is skeletal
    • + sclera database cross reference http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Sclera

Changes for: corneal epithelium

Changes for: ciliary body

Changes for: pupil

Changes for: lacrimal canaliculus

Changes for: optic choroid

Changes for: substantia propria of cornea

Changes for: ciliary epithelium

Changes for: cleidobrachialis muscle

Changes for: cleidocephalicus muscle

Changes for: male external urethral sphincter

Changes for: maxillary sinus

Changes for: nasal concha

Changes for: frontal sinus

Changes for: iris

Changes for: posterior chamber of eyeball

Changes for: uvea

Changes for: mammary duct

Changes for: anterior chamber of eyeball

Changes for: prepuce

Changes for: iliothoracic muscle

Changes for: nucleus ambiguus

Changes for: mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: constrictor vulvae muscle

Changes for: parotidoauricular muscle

Changes for: inferior pancreaticoduodenal vein

Changes for: eyelid

Changes for: lower jaw region

Changes for: lower eyelid

Changes for: upper eyelid

Changes for: oculomotor nuclear complex

Changes for: spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: secondary palate

Changes for: upper jaw region

Changes for: jaw skeleton

Changes for: nasal cavity

Changes for: eyelash

Changes for: geniculate ganglion

Changes for: internal elastic membrane

Changes for: nasal septum

Changes for: nail

Changes for: larynx

Changes for: submandibular gland

Changes for: laryngeal cartilage

Changes for: thyroid cartilage

Changes for: soft palate

Changes for: pharyngeal tonsil

Changes for: tonsillar ring

Changes for: palatine uvula

Changes for: cochlear nucleus

Changes for: oropharynx

Changes for: nasopharynx

Changes for: taste bud

Changes for: papilla of tongue

Changes for: sphenoidal sinus

Changes for: tongue

Changes for: medial vestibular nucleus

Changes for: inferior vestibular nucleus

Changes for: cutaneous trunci muscle

Changes for: tibialis posterior

Changes for: flexor digitorum longus

Changes for: cerebellar vein

Changes for: anterior auricular vein

Changes for: cerebral vein

Changes for: triceps surae

Changes for: maxillary vein

Changes for: deep temporal vein

Changes for: ethmoid bone

Changes for: temporal bone

Changes for: sphenoid bone

Changes for: trigeminal ganglion

Changes for: occipital bone

Changes for: central retinal vein

Changes for: masseteric vein

Changes for: temporal vein

Changes for: malleus bone

Changes for: incus bone

Changes for: lacrimal bone

Changes for: nasal bone

Changes for: palatine bone

Changes for: mandible

Changes for: hyoid bone

Changes for: auditory ossicle

Changes for: stapes bone

Changes for: sensory root of facial nerve

Changes for: petrous part of temporal bone

Changes for: external ear

Changes for: orbital region

Changes for: ear

Changes for: lower digestive tract

Changes for: supraoptic crest

Changes for: epithelium of gonad

Changes for: upper digestive tract

Changes for: regional part of metencephalon

Changes for: anteroventral nucleus

Changes for: angular gyrus

Changes for: area X of ventral lateral nucleus

Changes for: supramarginal gyrus

Changes for: anteromedial nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: abducens nucleus

Changes for: rhinal sulcus

Changes for: nucleus raphe obscurus

Changes for: anterodorsal nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: regional part of medulla oblongata

Changes for: ventral supraoptic decussation

Changes for: regional part of medullary raphe nuclear complex

Changes for: diagonal sulcus

Changes for: anterior subcentral sulcus

Changes for: vestibular nuclear complex

Changes for: anterior ascending limb of lateral sulcus

Changes for: pallidotegmental fasciculus

Changes for: postnatal subventricular zone

Changes for: sphincter of hepatopancreatic ampulla

Changes for: hepatopancreatic ampulla

Changes for: external urethral sphincter

Changes for: anteroventral periventricular nucleus

Changes for: ventral tegmental area

Changes for: fenestrated capillary

Changes for: anterior hypothalamic commissure

Changes for: parieto-occipital sulcus

Changes for: medullary raphe nuclear complex

Changes for: occipitotemporal sulcus

Changes for: preoccipital notch

Changes for: supraopticohypophysial tract

Changes for: cuneiform nucleus

Changes for: dorsal supraoptic decussation

Changes for: dorsolateral fasciculus of medulla

Changes for: densocellular part of medial dorsal nucleus

Changes for: dorsal longitudinal fasciculus of medulla

Changes for: magnocellular part of medial dorsal nucleus

Changes for: anterior median eminence

Changes for: cuneate fasciculus of medulla

Changes for: oral pulvinar nucleus

Changes for: intermediate orbital gyrus

Changes for: decussation of medial lemniscus

Changes for: cuneocerebellar tract

Changes for: medial pulvinar nucleus

Changes for: midbrain reticular formation

Changes for: lateral pulvinar nucleus

Changes for: ventral anterior nucleus

Changes for: anterior nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: regional part of midbrain tegmentum

Changes for: motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: medial part of medial mammillary nucleus

Changes for: cerebral crus

Changes for: body of caudate nucleus

Changes for: lateral septal nucleus

Changes for: oculomotor nerve fibers

Changes for: anterior horizontal limb of lateral sulcus

Changes for: medial longitudinal fasciculus of midbrain

Changes for: medial pes lemniscus

Changes for: superior frontal gyrus

Changes for: lateral part of medial mammillary nucleus

Changes for: septal nuclear complex

Changes for: mesencephalic tract of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: supracallosal gyrus

Changes for: medial lemniscus of midbrain

Changes for: superior medullary velum

Changes for: periamygdaloid area

Changes for: posterior parahippocampal gyrus

Changes for: anterior horn of lateral ventricle

Changes for: paralaminar part of medial dorsal nucleus

Changes for: body of lateral ventricle

Changes for: parvicellular part of medial dorsal nucleus

Changes for: gracile fasciculus of medulla

Changes for: posterior median eminence

Changes for: medial tarsal artery

Changes for: peristaltic circulatory vessel

Changes for: digestive tract

Changes for: popliteal vein

Changes for: popliteal lymph node

Changes for: inguinal lymph node

Changes for: medial plantar artery

Changes for: peroneal artery

Changes for: dorsal metatarsal vein

Changes for: small saphenous vein

Changes for: anterior tibial vein

Changes for: posterior tibial vein

Changes for: genioglossus muscle

Changes for: styloglossus

Changes for: hyoglossus muscle

Changes for: palatoglossus muscle

Changes for: facial muscle

Changes for: orbicularis oculi

Changes for: olfactory nerve

Changes for: digastric muscle

Changes for: subcostal artery

Changes for: cricothyroid muscle

Changes for: geniohyoid muscle

Changes for: mylohyoid muscle

Changes for: longus capitis muscle

Changes for: cheek

Changes for: muscle of larynx

Changes for: continuous capillary

Changes for: masseter muscle

Changes for: temporalis muscle

Changes for: stapedius muscle

Changes for: bronchial vein

Changes for: azygos vein

Changes for: pericardiacophrenic vein

Changes for: thymic vein

Changes for: extrastriate cortex

Changes for: subclavian vein

Changes for: vertebral vein

Changes for: anterior vena cava

Changes for: internal jugular vein

Changes for: left subclavian artery

Changes for: depressor labii inferioris

Changes for: buccinator muscle

Changes for: levator labii superioris

Changes for: aryepiglottic fold

Changes for: internal thoracic vein

Changes for: hindlimb zeugopod

Changes for: forelimb stylopod

Changes for: mouth mucosa

Changes for: ventral part of pharyngeal pouch 2

Changes for: dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 3

Changes for: intercostal nerve

Changes for: ventral part of pharyngeal pouch 1

Changes for: mediastinum

Changes for: dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 2

  • Deleted
    • - dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 2 comment Development notes: in humans, persists as the tonsillar fossa - the endodermal lining covers the mesodermal lymphatic tissue to form the palatine tonsil[ISBN10:1607950324]
  • Added
    • + dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 2 comment Development notes: in humans, persists as the tonsillar fossa - the endodermal lining covers the mesodermal lymphatic tissue to form the palatine tonsil[ISBN10:1607950324]. the dorsal elongation of the second pouch endoderm of all mammals, with the exception of rodents, gives rise to the epithelial lining of palatine tonsils; in rodents, the ventral portion of the second pouch appears to degenerate whereas the remaining part is incorporated into the lateral border of the pharynx; it appears that rodents no longer require tonsils as their function is carried out by the NALT (Nose/Nasal-Associated Lymphoid Tissue) system in the upper respiratory tract[MP]
    • + dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 2 has related synonym dorsal elongation of second pouch endoderm

Changes for: tubotympanic recess epithelium

Changes for: thoracic nerve

Changes for: dorsal part of pharyngeal pouch 1

Changes for: vestibular nerve

Changes for: root of sacral nerve

Changes for: parachordal cartilage

Changes for: middle cranial fossa

Changes for: anterior cranial fossa

Changes for: root of thoracic nerve

Changes for: ventral part of pharyngeal pouch 4

Changes for: root of lumbar spinal nerve

Changes for: root of cervical nerve

Changes for: ventral part of pharyngeal pouch 3

Changes for: collection of basal ganglia

Changes for: basal nucleus of telencephalon

Changes for: lumbar nerve

Changes for: sacral nerve

Changes for: spinal nerve root

Changes for: coccygeal nerve

Changes for: ventral patch of Leydig’s organ

Changes for: levator palpebrae superioris

Changes for: ciliary muscle

Changes for: sphincter pupillae

Changes for: head or neck skin

Changes for: tensor tympani

Changes for: tonsil crypt

Changes for: medial rectus extraocular muscle

Changes for: lateral rectus extra-ocular muscle

Changes for: obsolete tunica vasculosa plexus

Changes for: ovary growing follicle

Changes for: frontal artery

Changes for: dilatator pupillae

Changes for: isthmus of thyroid gland

Changes for: spermatic artery

Changes for: auricular artery

Changes for: labial artery

Changes for: pancreaticoduodenal artery

Changes for: nephron tubule basement membrane

Changes for: bronchus basement membrane

Changes for: trachea basement membrane

Changes for: alveolar artery

Changes for: cortical arch of kidney

Changes for: mental artery

Changes for: buccal artery

Changes for: transverse facial artery

Changes for: maxillary artery

Changes for: anterior part of tongue

Changes for: occipital artery

Changes for: posterior part of tongue

Changes for: stomach primordium

Changes for: sublingual artery

Changes for: core of nucleus accumbens

Changes for: facial artery

Changes for: anterior tegmental nucleus

Changes for: shell of nucleus accumbens

Changes for: ophthalmic artery

Changes for: eyelid subcutaneous connective tissue

Changes for: lumbar sympathetic nerve trunk

Changes for: tympanic membrane epithelium

Changes for: ampullary gland

Changes for: lingual artery

Changes for: fundic gastric gland

Changes for: central tegmental tract

Changes for: ansa lenticularis

Changes for: dorsal nasal artery

Changes for: lacrimal artery

Changes for: right coronary artery

Changes for: anterior cerebral artery

Changes for: middle cerebral artery

Changes for: left coronary artery

Changes for: carotid body

Changes for: posterior communicating artery

Changes for: interalveolar septum

Changes for: central retinal artery

Changes for: alveolar wall

Changes for: coronary artery

Changes for: posterior cerebral artery

Changes for: superior cerebellar artery

Changes for: superior intercostal vein

Changes for: phrenic vein

Changes for: basilar artery

Changes for: dorsal patch of Leydig’s organ

Changes for: vein

Changes for: artery

Changes for: thoracic duct

Changes for: temporal artery

Changes for: glossopharyngeal nerve

Changes for: vestibulocochlear nerve

Changes for: trigeminal nerve

Changes for: trochlear nerve

Changes for: facial nerve

Changes for: abducens nerve

Changes for: celiac artery

Changes for: transverse sinus

Changes for: superior sagittal sinus

Changes for: oculomotor nerve

Changes for: midbrain hindbrain boundary neural plate

Changes for: superficial temporal vein

Changes for: cuboidal epithelium

Changes for: retromandibular vein

Changes for: submental vein

Changes for: facial vein

Changes for: supra-orbital vein

Changes for: right pulmonary artery

Changes for: left pulmonary artery

Changes for: hypoglossal nerve

Changes for: cardiovascular system endothelium

Changes for: aorta endothelium

Changes for: cingulate sulcus

Changes for: premammillary nucleus

Changes for: nucleus of posterior commissure

Changes for: rubrospinal tract

Changes for: circular sulcus of insula

Changes for: collateral sulcus

Changes for: spinal trigeminal tract of medulla

Changes for: solitary tract

Changes for: rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus

Changes for: spino-olivary tract

Changes for: thoracic sympathetic nerve trunk

Changes for: mammillary peduncle

Changes for: lateral sulcus

Changes for: right lung alveolus

Changes for: left lung alveolus

Changes for: limen of insula

Changes for: mammillary princeps fasciculus

Changes for: trochlear nucleus

Changes for: claustral amygdaloid area

Changes for: entorhinal area

Changes for: medial medullary lamina of globus pallidus

Changes for: cervical spinal cord

Changes for: splanchnopleure

Changes for: regional part of thalamus

Changes for: superficial cervical lymph node

Changes for: vestibulocochlear nerve root

Changes for: longitudinal pontine fibers

Changes for: urogenital ridge

Changes for: somatopleure

Changes for: nephrogenic cord

Changes for: isthmus of cingulate gyrus

Changes for: lateral inferior limiting sulcus

Changes for: medial dorsal nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: superior temporal sulcus

Changes for: intralaminar nuclear group

Changes for: lateral nuclear group of thalamus

Changes for: transverse pontine fibers

Changes for: buccal salivary gland

Changes for: lamina of septum pellucidum

Changes for: basal forebrain

Changes for: posterior cingulate gyrus

Changes for: diagonal band of Broca

Changes for: hilum

Changes for: lung hilus

Changes for: regional part of cerebellar cortex

Changes for: medial lemniscus of medulla

Changes for: neodentate part of dentate nucleus

Changes for: intermediate periventricular nucleus

Changes for: ventral amygdalofugal projection

Changes for: hilum of dentate nucleus

Changes for: nephron tubule epithelium

Changes for: larynx epithelium

Changes for: male prepuce epithelium

Changes for: seminiferous tubule epithelium

Changes for: bile duct epithelium

Changes for: extrahepatic bile duct epithelium

Changes for: adrenal vein

Changes for: intrahepatic bile duct epithelium

Changes for: middle cardiac vein

Changes for: anterior inferior cerebellar artery

Changes for: posterior inferior cerebellar artery

Changes for: posterior periventricular nucleus

Changes for: posterior nuclear complex of thalamus

Changes for: posterior nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: pyramidal tract

Changes for: metathalamus

Changes for: midline nuclear group

Changes for: middle frontal gyrus

Changes for: precentral gyrus

Changes for: subcuneiform nucleus

Changes for: anterior median oculomotor nucleus

Changes for: vas deferens epithelium

Changes for: seminal vesicle epithelium

Changes for: cervix epithelium

Changes for: anterior calcarine sulcus

Changes for: bronchus basal lamina

Changes for: commissure of superior colliculus

Changes for: regional part of vestibular nuclear complex

Changes for: central tegmental tract of midbrain

Changes for: male breast

Changes for: calcarine sulcus

Changes for: nucleus subceruleus

Changes for: decussation of superior cerebellar peduncle

Changes for: lateral corticospinal tract