2014-07-01 release

Release highlights include improved alignment with EMAPA and inclusion of all species-specific stage ontologies in the composite-metazoan release
2014-07-01 release image
  • Neuro
    • Changed prim label entorhinal area->cortex. Fixes issue #493. Fixed inversion with stage mappings to hsap and mmus
    • NTs for zones of medial entorhinal cortex
  • Musculoskeletal
    • resolved some confusion over ‘muscle layer’, now include generic structure plus more specific ‘muscular coat’
    • NT: palatine bone horizontal plate. [MGI:cs]. Fixes issue #494
  • Ontology alignment
    • Fixed multiple EMAPA xrefs in Uberon that were incorrect using MA EMAPS xrefs. As a side effect, fixed up various parts of the ontology
  • Stages
    • NT: prime adult stage. Fixes issue #496
    • Inclusion of all stage ontologies in composite metazoan

Ontology Diff Report

Original Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2014-06-26/uberon.owl

New Ontology

  • IRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon.owl
  • VersionIRI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/uberon/releases/2014-07-01/uberon.owl

Report for classes

Class objects lost from source: 0

Class objects new in target: 20

New Class : ventral zone of medial entorhinal cortex

New Class : dorsal zone of medial entorhinal cortex

New Class : muscular coat of digestive tract

New Class : layer of muscle tissue

New Class : dorsal lateral ganglionic eminence

New Class : submucosa of digestive tract

New Class : middle thyroid artery

New Class : internal pudendal vein

New Class : meningeal vein

New Class : skeletal musculature

New Class : external pudendal vein

New Class : lacrimal vein

New Class : jejunal artery

New Class : thymic artery

New Class : superficial cervical thymus

New Class : deep cervical thymus

New Class : thyroid vein

New Class : cervical thymic artery

New Class : inferior superficial cervical thymic artery

New Class : superior superficial cervical thymic artery

Changed Class objects: 1045

Changes for: rectus thoracis muscle

Changes for: ventral lateral sacrocaudal muscle

Changes for: abductor pollicis muscle

Changes for: abductor pollicis, radioulna-prepollox

Changes for: cardiac valve leaflet

Changes for: muscle rectus abdominis superficialis

Changes for: musculus rectus abdominis profundus

Changes for: muscle layer of esophagus

Changes for: perilymphatic channel

Changes for: extrinsic extensor muscle of manus

Changes for: brachioradialis

Changes for: spinalis muscle

Changes for: flexor pollicis brevis muscle

Changes for: caudal vertebra endochondral element

Changes for: muscle of Aristotle’s lantern

Changes for: posterior fascicle of palatopharyngeus

Changes for: endothelium of artery

Changes for: ventral thalamus

Changes for: epithelium of small intestine

Changes for: thalamic reticular nucleus

Changes for: habenula

Changes for: subthalamic nucleus

Changes for: zona incerta

Changes for: optic tract

Changes for: tuberomammillary nucleus

Changes for: dorsomedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: ventromedial nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: arcuate nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus

Changes for: lateral preoptic nucleus

Changes for: lateral mammillary nucleus

Changes for: medial mammillary nucleus

Changes for: central medial nucleus

Changes for: paracentral nucleus

Changes for: lateral geniculate body

Changes for: paraventricular nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: reuniens nucleus

Changes for: parafascicular nucleus

Changes for: medial geniculate body

Changes for: supraoptic nucleus

Changes for: adductor muscle of hip

Changes for: presubiculum

Changes for: epithelium of respiratory bronchiole

Changes for: Ammon’s horn

  • Deleted
    • - Ammon’s horn comment WP: Non-mammalian species do not have a brain structure that looks like the mammalian hippocampus, but they have one that is considered homologous to it. The hippocampus, as pointed out above, is essentially the medial edge of the cortex. Only mammals have a fully developed cortex, but the structure it evolved from, called the pallium, is present in all vertebrates, even the most primitive ones such as the lamprey or hagfish.[82] The pallium is usually divided into three zones: medial, lateral, and dorsal. The medial pallium forms the precursor of the hippocampus. It does not resemble the hippocampus visually, because the layers are not warped into an S shape or enwrapped by the dentate gyrus, but the homology is indicated by strong chemical and functional affinities. There is now evidence that these hippocampal-like structures are involved in spatial cognition in birds, reptiles, and fish. In birds, the correspondence is sufficiently well established that most anatomists refer to the medial pallial zone as the “avian hippocampus”. The story for fish is more complex. In teleost fish (which make up the great majority of existing species), the forebrain is distorted in comparison to other types of vertebrates: most neuroanatomists believe that the teleost forebrain is essentially everted, like a sock turned inside-out, so that structures that lie in the interior, next to the ventricles, for most vertebrates, are found on the outside in teleost fish, and vice versa.[86] One of the consequences of this is that the medial pallium (“hippocampal” zone) of a typical vertebrate is thought to correspond to the lateral pallium of a typical fish. Several types of fish (particularly goldfish) have been shown experimentally to have strong spatial memory abilities, even forming “cognitive maps” of the areas they inhabit.[80] There is evidence that damage to the lateral pallium impairs spatial memory.
  • Added
    • + Ammon’s horn comment AO notes: Non-mammalian species do not have a brain structure that looks like the mammalian hippocampus, but they have one that is considered homologous to it. The hippocampus, as pointed out above, is essentially the medial edge of the cortex. Only mammals have a fully developed cortex, but the structure it evolved from, called the pallium, is present in all vertebrates, even the most primitive ones such as the lamprey or hagfish. The pallium is usually divided into three zones: medial, lateral, and dorsal. The medial pallium forms the precursor of the hippocampus. It does not resemble the hippocampus visually, because the layers are not warped into an S shape or enwrapped by the dentate gyrus, but the homology is indicated by strong chemical and functional affinities. There is now evidence that these hippocampal-like structures are involved in spatial cognition in birds, reptiles, and fish. In birds, the correspondence is sufficiently well established that most anatomists refer to the medial pallial zone as the “avian hippocampus”. The story for fish is more complex. In teleost fish (which make up the great majority of existing species), the forebrain is distorted in comparison to other types of vertebrates: most neuroanatomists believe that the teleost forebrain is essentially everted, like a sock turned inside-out, so that structures that lie in the interior, next to the ventricles, for most vertebrates, are found on the outside in teleost fish, and vice versa. One of the consequences of this is that the medial pallium (“hippocampal” zone) of a typical vertebrate is thought to correspond to the lateral pallium of a typical fish. Several types of fish (particularly goldfish) have been shown experimentally to have strong spatial memory abilities, even forming “cognitive maps” of the areas they inhabit.[WP].
    • + Ammon’s horn database cross reference EMAPA:32772
    • + Ammon’s horn database cross reference EMAPA:32845

Changes for: cartilage of bronchus

Changes for: white pulp of spleen

Changes for: medial habenular nucleus

Changes for: lateral habenular nucleus

Changes for: red nucleus

Changes for: supramammillary nucleus

Changes for: neurocranium bone

Changes for: venule

Changes for: serosa of esophagus

Changes for: serum

Changes for: epithelium of esophagus

Changes for: submucosa of esophagus

Changes for: substance of tooth

Changes for: blood plasma

Changes for: substantia nigra pars reticulata

Changes for: substantia nigra pars compacta

Changes for: reticular layer of dermis

Changes for: papillary layer of dermis

Changes for: hyaline cartilage tissue

Changes for: placenta

Changes for: corneal endothelium

Changes for: endothelium

Changes for: arteriole

Changes for: crypt of lieberkuhn of large intestine

Changes for: crypt of Lieberkuhn

Changes for: capillary

Changes for: blood vessel

Changes for: flexor cruris lateralis muscle

Changes for: substantia nigra pars lateralis

Changes for: lacrimal gland

Changes for: conjunctiva

Changes for: enteric ganglion

Changes for: muscle layer of intestine

Changes for: bone of jaw

Changes for: ascending cervical artery

Changes for: olfactory tubercle

Changes for: island of Calleja

Changes for: bed nucleus of stria terminalis

Changes for: internal capsule of telencephalon

Changes for: frontal cortex

Changes for: parietal lobe

Changes for: putamen

Changes for: globus pallidus

Changes for: medial septal nucleus

Changes for: septofimbrial nucleus

Changes for: nucleus of diagonal band

Changes for: scala vestibuli

Changes for: vestibular labyrinth

Changes for: scala tympani

Changes for: auricular cartilage

Changes for: minor salivary gland

Changes for: duct of salivary gland

Changes for: sebaceous gland

Changes for: dorsal trunk

Changes for: sweat gland

Changes for: paranasal sinus

Changes for: photoreceptor layer of retina

Changes for: outer nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: layer of retina

Changes for: inner plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: ganglionic layer of retina

Changes for: outer plexiform layer of retina

Changes for: inner nuclear layer of retina

Changes for: muscle layer of cloaca

Changes for: muscle layer of colon

Changes for: submucosa of cloaca

Changes for: dentine

Changes for: lacrimal apparatus

Changes for: cementum

Changes for: enamel

Changes for: dental pulp

Changes for: pinna

Changes for: parenchyma of parathyroid gland

Changes for: capsule of parathyroid gland

Changes for: brachiocephalic muscle

Changes for: omotransversarius muscle

Changes for: skeletal muscle of trunk

Changes for: optic choroid

Changes for: ciliary epithelium

Changes for: iris stroma

Changes for: cleidobrachialis muscle

Changes for: cleidocephalicus muscle

Changes for: uvea

Changes for: mammary duct

Changes for: sternocephalicus muscle

Changes for: iliothoracic muscle

Changes for: femorothoracic muscle

Changes for: nucleus ambiguus

Changes for: mesencephalic nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: oculomotor nuclear complex

Changes for: spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: jaw skeleton

Changes for: nail

Changes for: neurocranium

Changes for: cochlear nucleus

Changes for: taste bud

Changes for: papilla of tongue

Changes for: cranial synchondrosis

Changes for: medial vestibular nucleus

Changes for: inferior vestibular nucleus

Changes for: triceps surae

Changes for: lower digestive tract

Changes for: abducens nucleus

Changes for: submucosa of pharynx

Changes for: motor nucleus of trigeminal nerve

Changes for: septal nuclear complex

Changes for: inguinal lymph node

Changes for: septal organ of Masera

Changes for: septal olfactory organ

Changes for: accessory olfactory bulb granule cell layer

Changes for: hyoglossus muscle

Changes for: extrinsic muscle of tongue

Changes for: facial muscle

Changes for: intrinsic muscle of tongue

Changes for: orbicularis oculi muscle

Changes for: coat hair follicle

Changes for: mylohyoid muscle

Changes for: muscle of larynx

Changes for: bronchial vein

Changes for: auricular muscle

Changes for: thymic vein

Changes for: subclavian vein

Changes for: vertebral vein

Changes for: internal jugular vein

Changes for: respiratory system muscle

Changes for: esophagus muscle

Changes for: thoracic segment muscle

Changes for: abdominal segment muscle

Changes for: upper leg bone

Changes for: urethra muscle

Changes for: mouth mucosa

Changes for: ciliary muscle

Changes for: muscle of iris

Changes for: sphincter pupillae

Changes for: extra-ocular muscle

Changes for: ovary growing follicle

Changes for: dilatator pupillae

Changes for: tympanic membrane epithelium

Changes for: trachea non-cartilage connective tissue

Changes for: ampullary gland

Changes for: dorsal nasal artery

Changes for: interalveolar septum

Changes for: alveolar smooth muscle

Changes for: alveolar wall

Changes for: hepatic portal vein

Changes for: vein

Changes for: artery

Changes for: abducens nerve

Changes for: celiac artery

Changes for: superior sagittal sinus

Changes for: intermediate layer of tympanic membrane

Changes for: supraorbital vein

Changes for: cardiovascular system endothelium

Changes for: lymph node endothelium

Changes for: aorta endothelium

Changes for: eye gland

Changes for: right lung alveolus

Changes for: trochlear nucleus

Changes for: entorhinal cortex

Changes for: medial dorsal nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: intralaminar nuclear group

Changes for: lateral nuclear group of thalamus

Changes for: endometrium epithelium

Changes for: accessory XI nerve spinal component

Changes for: kidney epithelium

Changes for: larynx epithelium

Changes for: upper respiratory tract epithelium

Changes for: seminiferous tubule epithelium

Changes for: pulmonary alveolus epithelium

Changes for: infraspinatus tendon

Changes for: dental lamina

Changes for: epididymis smooth muscle

Changes for: metathalamus

Changes for: midline nuclear group

Changes for: salivary gland epithelium

Changes for: gastrointestinal system epithelium

Changes for: penis epithelium

Changes for: cervix epithelium

Changes for: renal venous blood vessel

Changes for: medullary reticular formation

Changes for: mediastinal lymph node

Changes for: periosteum

Changes for: epiphyseal plate

Changes for: skin of external ear

Changes for: phalanx of pes

Changes for: tarsal bone

Changes for: skeletal system

Changes for: compact bone tissue

Changes for: phalanx of manus

Changes for: epiphysis

Changes for: metaphysis

Changes for: pectoral muscle

Changes for: muscle of pelvic girdle

Changes for: muscle of pes

Changes for: muscle of arm

Changes for: muscle of shoulder

Changes for: ankle joint

Changes for: manus joint

Changes for: pes joint

Changes for: calcaneal tendon

Changes for: deltoid

Changes for: teres major muscle

Changes for: lymphatic vessel

Changes for: ventral posterior nucleus

Changes for: hindlimb long bone

Changes for: limb long bone

Changes for: forelimb long bone

Changes for: trachea cartilage

Changes for: adrenal gland cortex zone

Changes for: endometrium glandular epithelium

Changes for: aorta tunica media

Changes for: aorta tunica intima

Changes for: flexor digitorum profundus

Changes for: skin mucous gland

Changes for: forelimb muscle

Changes for: pronator teres

Changes for: hindlimb muscle

Changes for: flexor carpi radialis muscle

Changes for: limb muscle

Changes for: flexor carpi ulnaris muscle

Changes for: manual digit muscle

Changes for: post-anal tail muscle

Changes for: left common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: right common carotid artery plus branches

Changes for: biceps brachii

Changes for: triceps brachii

Changes for: articular system

Changes for: kidney arterial blood vessel

Changes for: larynx submucosa

Changes for: muscle of manus

Changes for: descending aorta

Changes for: hip muscle

Changes for: pedal digit muscle

Changes for: gall bladder lamina propria

Changes for: kidney pelvis urothelium

Changes for: urethra urothelium

Changes for: gall bladder serosa

Changes for: regional part of cerebral cortex

Changes for: endochondral bone tissue

Changes for: tuber cinereum

Changes for: palmaris longus muscle

Changes for: palatal muscle

Changes for: cranial suture

Changes for: fasciolar gyrus

Changes for: annulus fibrosus disci intervertebralis

Changes for: cerebellar vermis

Changes for: venous system endothelium

Changes for: arterial system endothelium

Changes for: respiratory system blood vessel endothelium

Changes for: dorsal thalamus

Changes for: intercalated amygdaloid nuclei

Changes for: central amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: lateral amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: basal amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: medial part of basal amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: hypoglossal nucleus

Changes for: dorsal motor nucleus of vagus nerve

Changes for: medial amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: cortical amygdaloid nucleus

Changes for: anterior amygdaloid area

Changes for: secondary olfactory cortex

Changes for: auditory cortex

Changes for: flexor hallucis longus

Changes for: pectineus muscle

Changes for: semimembranosus muscle

Changes for: gastrocnemius

Changes for: soleus muscle

Changes for: primary motor cortex

Changes for: muscle of leg

Changes for: extensor digitorum longus

Changes for: tibialis anterior

Changes for: white adipose tissue

Changes for: biceps femoris

Changes for: semitendinosus

Changes for: tensor fasciae latae muscle

Changes for: quadriceps femoris

Changes for: parietal peritoneum

Changes for: inferior vesical artery

Changes for: capsule of ovary

Changes for: ovarian follicle

Changes for: cumulus oophorus

Changes for: germinal epithelium of ovary

Changes for: skin of penis

Changes for: lobe of prostate

Changes for: muscle of pelvis

Changes for: prostate gland anterior lobe

Changes for: tail blood vessel

Changes for: brain grey matter

Changes for: vagus X nerve trunk

Changes for: right lung alveolar duct

Changes for: right lung bronchiole

Changes for: brain white matter

Changes for: tarsal skeleton

Changes for: trachea blood vessel

Changes for: respiratory system blood vessel

Changes for: arterial blood vessel

Changes for: ciliary stroma

Changes for: carpal skeleton

Changes for: lung blood vessel

Changes for: kidney blood vessel

Changes for: main bronchus blood vessel

Changes for: dentate gyrus polymorphic layer

Changes for: trigeminal nucleus

Changes for: ventral posteroinferior nucleus

Changes for: ventral posterolateral nucleus

Changes for: granular layer of cerebellar cortex

Changes for: head connective tissue

Changes for: trachea connective tissue

Changes for: respiratory system connective tissue

Changes for: shoulder connective tissue

Changes for: pedal digit connective tissue

Changes for: knee connective tissue

Changes for: hip connective tissue

Changes for: adductor pollicis muscle

Changes for: elbow connective tissue

Changes for: Purkinje cell layer of cerebellar cortex

Changes for: eyelid connective tissue

Changes for: mammary gland connective tissue

Changes for: periolivary nucleus

Changes for: larynx connective tissue

Changes for: molecular layer of cerebellar cortex

Changes for: forelimb connective tissue

Changes for: limb connective tissue

Changes for: hindlimb connective tissue

Changes for: bronchus connective tissue

Changes for: lobar bronchus connective tissue

Changes for: main bronchus connective tissue

Changes for: manual digit connective tissue

Changes for: pes connective tissue

Changes for: tail connective tissue

Changes for: manus connective tissue

Changes for: anterior nuclear group

Changes for: proximal straight tubule

Changes for: thick ascending limb of loop of Henle

Changes for: nephron

Changes for: descending limb of loop of Henle

Changes for: loop of Henle

Changes for: hepatic sinusoid

Changes for: epithelium of large intestine

Changes for: ischium

Changes for: ilium

Changes for: femoral nerve

Changes for: peritoneal fluid

Changes for: pancreatic acinus

Changes for: wall of intestine

Changes for: trabecula of spleen

Changes for: mucosa of urinary bladder

Changes for: red pulp of spleen

Changes for: urothelium of ureter

Changes for: wall of urinary bladder

Changes for: trigone of urinary bladder

Changes for: spleen lymphoid follicle

Changes for: nucleus of solitary tract

Changes for: intestinal mucosa

Changes for: muscularis mucosae of intestine

Changes for: crypt of Lieberkuhn of small intestine

Changes for: superficial external pudendal vein

Changes for: deep external pudendal vein

Changes for: internal anal sphincter

Changes for: superior external pudendal vein

Changes for: inferior external pudendal vein

Changes for: lamina propria of small intestine

Changes for: lymph node germinal center

Changes for: stomach region

Changes for: renal corpuscle

Changes for: renal papilla

Changes for: pudendal vein

Changes for: inferior mesenteric vein

Changes for: middle colic vein

Changes for: muscularis mucosae of small intestine

Changes for: intestinal villus

Changes for: pterygoideus glandulae muscle

Changes for: compressor glandulae muscle

Changes for: mucosa of large intestine

Changes for: mucosa of small intestine

Changes for: muscularis mucosae of stomach

Changes for: serosa of stomach

Changes for: submucosa of stomach

Changes for: iris nerve

Changes for: post-embryonic organism

Changes for: dentate gyrus subgranular zone

Changes for: brain blood vessel

Changes for: heart blood vessel

Changes for: facial bone

Changes for: sesamoid bone of gastrocnemius

Changes for: forelimb zeugopod bone

Changes for: meningeal artery

Changes for: thoracic cavity artery

Changes for: chest bone

Changes for: head bone

Changes for: inner renal medulla loop of henle

Changes for: small intestine Peyer’s patch

Changes for: large intestine Peyer’s patch

Changes for: periventricular zone of hypothalamus

Changes for: lateral zone of hypothalamus

Changes for: medial zone of hypothalamus

Changes for: spiral sulcus

Changes for: lamina of spiral limbus

Changes for: nail matrix

Changes for: stria vascularis of cochlear duct

Changes for: vestibular membrane of cochlear duct

Changes for: Grueneberg ganglion

Changes for: telencephalic ventricle

Changes for: central canal of spinal cord

Changes for: scala media

Changes for: caudofemoralis

Changes for: diaphragm

Changes for: costal cartilage

Changes for: external jugular vein

Changes for: olfactory gland

Changes for: tectorial membrane of cochlea

Changes for: sternohyoid muscle

Changes for: latissimus dorsi muscle

Changes for: cerebellar hemisphere

Changes for: intercostal muscle

Changes for: spinal cord

Changes for: right lobe of thyroid gland

Changes for: longus colli muscle

Changes for: left lobe of thyroid gland

Changes for: dorsal horn of spinal cord

Changes for: serratus ventralis

Changes for: ventral horn of spinal cord

Changes for: iliocostalis muscle

Changes for: subscapularis muscle

Changes for: sternocleidomastoid

Changes for: olfactory tract

Changes for: vertebral column

Changes for: anterior olfactory nucleus

Changes for: skeletal muscle tissue

Changes for: laterodorsal tegmental nucleus

Changes for: superior mesenteric vein

Changes for: ovarian vein

Changes for: suprarenal vein

Changes for: hepatic vein

Changes for: fibrous joint

Changes for: mammillary body

Changes for: xiphoid process

Changes for: descending colon

Changes for: submucosa of trachea

Changes for: ascending colon

Changes for: transverse colon

Changes for: vermiform appendix

Changes for: caecum

Changes for: subfornical organ

Changes for: body of stomach

Changes for: cardia of stomach

Changes for: wall of stomach

Changes for: synchondrosis

Changes for: wall of small intestine

Changes for: macula of utricle of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: wall of large intestine

Changes for: macula of saccule of membranous labyrinth

Changes for: hepatic acinus

Changes for: biliary tree

Changes for: right hepatic duct

Changes for: left hepatic duct

Changes for: perichondrium

Changes for: basilar membrane of cochlea

Changes for: mucosa of stomach

Changes for: middle colic artery

Changes for: left gastric artery

Changes for: pectoral appendage muscle

Changes for: pelvic appendage muscle

Changes for: serratus muscle

Changes for: respiratory bronchiole

Changes for: lobar bronchus

Changes for: nucleus raphe pallidus

Changes for: lateral reticular nucleus

Changes for: nucleus raphe magnus

Changes for: gigantocellular nucleus

Changes for: pontine nuclear group

Changes for: alveolar sac

Changes for: epididymal fat pad

Changes for: endocardium of atrium

Changes for: endocardium

Changes for: barrel cortex

Changes for: area postrema

Changes for: anterior lobe of cerebellum

Changes for: atrioventricular valve

Changes for: hilus of dentate gyrus

Changes for: subcommissural organ

Changes for: parabigeminal nucleus

Changes for: parvocellular oculomotor nucleus

Changes for: interpeduncular nucleus

Changes for: pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus

Changes for: dorsal tegmental nucleus

Changes for: locus ceruleus

Changes for: adipose tissue

Changes for: musculature

Changes for: reticulotegmental nucleus

Changes for: kidney

Changes for: smooth muscle of esophagus

Changes for: inferior olivary complex

Changes for: medulla of thymus

Changes for: capsule of thymus

Changes for: cortex of thymus

Changes for: cerebellar cortex

Changes for: nail plate

Changes for: muscle of pectoral girdle

Changes for: iliotibialis muscle

Changes for: liver

  • Deleted
    • - liver taxon notes The liver is found in all vertebrates, and is typically the largest visceral organ. Its form varies considerably in different species, and is largely determined by the shape and arrangement of the surrounding organs. Nonetheless, in most species it is divided into right and left lobes; exceptions to this general rule include snakes, where the shape of the body necessitates a simple cigar-like form. The internal structure of the liver is broadly similar in all vertebrates. { source=7 }
  • Added
    • + liver taxon notes The liver is found in all vertebrates, and is typically the largest visceral organ. Its form varies considerably in different species, and is largely determined by the shape and arrangement of the surrounding organs. Nonetheless, in most species it is divided into right and left lobes; exceptions to this general rule include snakes, where the shape of the body necessitates a simple cigar-like form. The internal structure of the liver is broadly similar in all vertebrates.

Changes for: sensory system

Changes for: hypertrophic cartilage zone

Changes for: endocardium of ventricle

Changes for: postzygapophysis

Changes for: eye surface

Changes for: lateral ventricle subependymal layer

Changes for: cortical marginal zone

Changes for: epidermis suprabasal layer

Changes for: wall of esophagus

Changes for: flocculus

Changes for: brainstem white matter

Changes for: skeletal muscle organ

Changes for: tibialis

Changes for: craniocervical region musculature

Changes for: periodontal ligament

Changes for: lymph node primary follicle

Changes for: subiculum

Changes for: subcutaneous adipose tissue

Changes for: capsule of lymph node

Changes for: dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus

Changes for: intercerebral commissure

Changes for: bone tissue

Changes for: ventral lateral geniculate nucleus

Changes for: long bone

Changes for: frontal suture

  • Deleted
    • - frontal suture definition The frontal suture is a dense connective tissue structure that divides the two halves of the frontal bone of the skull in infants and children. It usually disappears by the age of six, with the two halves of the frontal bone being fused together. If it does not disappear it may be called a ‘metopic suture’ or ‘sutura frontalis persistens. ‘ If the suture is not present at birth (craniosynostosis) it will cause a keel-shaped deformity of the skull called ‘trigonocephaly. ‘ It is present in a fetal skull so that the skull can bend and is very elastic at the time of birth. The baby’s head literally bends when coming out of the mother’s womb. The space is filled as the child grows older. [WP,unvetted]. { database cross reference=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frontal_suture }
  • Added
    • + frontal suture comment Taxon notes: in humans, the frontal suture is a dense connective tissue structure that divides the two halves of the frontal bone of the skull in infants and children. It usually disappears by the age of six, with the two halves of the frontal bone being fused together. If it does not disappear it may be called a ‘metopic suture’ or ‘sutura frontalis persistens. ‘ If the suture is not present at birth (craniosynostosis) it will cause a keel-shaped deformity of the skull called ‘trigonocephaly. ‘ It is present in a fetal skull so that the skull can bend and is very elastic at the time of birth. The baby’s head literally bends when coming out of the mother’s womb. The space is filled as the child grows older. [WP,unvetted]
    • + frontal suture database cross reference EMAPA:35358
    • + frontal suture definition A suture that connects the two frontal bones of the skull. { database cross reference=UBERON:cjm }
    • + frontal suture has exact synonym median frontal suture

Changes for: pyramidal layer of CA1

Changes for: parietal pleura

Changes for: visceral pleura

Changes for: pleural cavity

Changes for: abdominal segment of trunk

Changes for: skin gland

Changes for: hippocampal formation

Changes for: oral epithelium

Changes for: chest muscle

Changes for: striatum

Changes for: lateral hypothalamic area

Changes for: ventral tegmental nucleus

Changes for: myenteric nerve plexus

Changes for: primary visual cortex

Changes for: cerebral hemisphere white matter

Changes for: patella

Changes for: palatine gland

Changes for: fungiform papilla

Changes for: decidua

Changes for: erector spinae muscle group

Changes for: anterior abdominal wall muscle

Changes for: nerve trunk

Changes for: mesenteric lymph node

Changes for: iris epithelium

Changes for: abdominal lymph node

Changes for: prevertebral muscle of neck

Changes for: mesocardium

Changes for: mature ovarian follicle

Changes for: Hassall’s corpuscle

Changes for: ambiens muscle

Changes for: thymus

Changes for: tonsil

Changes for: palatine tonsil

Changes for: cranial muscle

Changes for: muscle of neck

Changes for: muscle of abdomen

Changes for: rectus abdominis muscle

Changes for: trapezius muscle

Changes for: connective tissue

Changes for: muscle tissue

Changes for: uvular muscle

Changes for: photoreceptor inner segment layer

Changes for: photoreceptor outer segment layer

Changes for: conducting system of heart

Changes for: pelvis

Changes for: serous pericardium

Changes for: sinoatrial node

Changes for: atrioventricular node

Changes for: venous blood vessel

Changes for: atrioventricular bundle

Changes for: purkinje fiber

Changes for: meninx

Changes for: endocrine gland

Changes for: tympanic membrane

Changes for: exocrine gland

Changes for: fat pad

Changes for: bile duct

Changes for: hematopoietic system

Changes for: layer of neocortex

Changes for: layer of hippocampus

Changes for: layer of dentate gyrus

Changes for: nucleus of brain

Changes for: exocrine system

Changes for: corpus callosum

Changes for: macula densa

Changes for: submandibular duct

Changes for: epithelium of lobar bronchus

Changes for: endometrial stroma

Changes for: lamina propria of bronchus

Changes for: myocardium

Changes for: hippocampus pyramidal layer

Changes for: hippocampus fimbria

Changes for: white matter of cerebellum

Changes for: white matter of spinal cord

Changes for: gray matter of spinal cord

Changes for: white matter

Changes for: muscle of back

Changes for: trunk of intercostal nerve

Changes for: lumen of central canal of spinal cord

Changes for: pair of dorsal aortae

Changes for: intestinal submucosa

Changes for: pericardial muscle

Changes for: axial muscle

Changes for: mesometrium

Changes for: fallopian tube

Changes for: hippocampal field

Changes for: distal phalanx of manus

Changes for: prostate gland lateral lobe

Changes for: secretory circumventricular organ

Changes for: autopod joint

Changes for: thyroid artery

Changes for: thymus epithelium

Changes for: abductor hallucis muscle

Changes for: abductor pollicis brevis muscle

Changes for: pectineal ligament

Changes for: inguinal ligament

Changes for: spleen germinal center

Changes for: inner renal medulla collecting duct

Changes for: outer renal medulla collecting duct

Changes for: renal medulla collecting duct

Changes for: hair medulla

Changes for: infracarinalis

Changes for: supracarinalis

Changes for: superficial lateralis

Changes for: superficial adductor

Changes for: ovary stratum granulosum

Changes for: papillary duct

Changes for: ascending limb of loop of Henle

Changes for: metanephric cap

Changes for: osseus cochlea

Changes for: medial entorhinal cortex

Changes for: lateral entorhinal cortex

Changes for: vestibular nucleus

Changes for: ileal epithelium

Changes for: duodenal epithelium

Changes for: posterior lobe of cerebellum

Changes for: superior olivary nucleus

Changes for: adductor mandibulae complex

Changes for: epaxialis

Changes for: hypaxialis

Changes for: hemolymphoid system gland

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule X

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule VII

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule VIII

Changes for: midface

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule I

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule II

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule III

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule IV

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule IX

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule V

Changes for: cerebellum vermis lobule VI

Changes for: accessory olfactory bulb

Changes for: alveolar ridge

Changes for: inferior thyroid artery

Changes for: superior thyroid artery

Changes for: muscularis mucosae of colon

Changes for: vesicular gland

Changes for: osseus cochlear canal

Changes for: superficial pelvic abductor

Changes for: glomerular epithelium

Changes for: olfactory bulb mitral cell layer

Changes for: prostate gland stroma

Changes for: mammary gland fat

Changes for: aorta smooth muscle tissue

Changes for: cerebellar layer

Changes for: trigeminal sensory nucleus

Changes for: dorsal arrector

Changes for: coracoradialis

Changes for: pelvic adductor profundus

Changes for: urinary bladder neck smooth muscle

Changes for: spleen smooth muscle

Changes for: small intestine smooth muscle

Changes for: blood vessel smooth muscle

Changes for: iris smooth muscle

Changes for: lower respiratory tract smooth muscle

Changes for: gall bladder smooth muscle

Changes for: bronchus smooth muscle

Changes for: prostate gland smooth muscle

Changes for: oviduct smooth muscle

Changes for: urethra smooth muscle layer

Changes for: large intestine smooth muscle

Changes for: intestine smooth muscle

Changes for: stomach smooth muscle

Changes for: vagina smooth muscle

Changes for: muscular coat of vas deferens

Changes for: respiratory system smooth muscle

Changes for: gastrointestinal system smooth muscle

Changes for: kidney pelvis smooth muscle

Changes for: urinary bladder trigone smooth muscle

Changes for: cardiac septum

Changes for: brain dura mater

Changes for: cortex of hair

Changes for: cuticle of hair

Changes for: stratum lucidum of epidermis

Changes for: superior longitudinal muscle of tongue

Changes for: prevertebral muscle

Changes for: spleen pulp

Changes for: premacula segment of distal straight tubule

Changes for: superficial pelvic adductor

Changes for: outer renal medulla peritubular capillary

Changes for: pelvic abductor profundus

Changes for: brainstem reticular formation

Changes for: orbitalis muscle

Changes for: incisor dental pulp

Changes for: molar dental pulp

Changes for: femoral artery

Changes for: zona glomerulosa of adrenal gland

Changes for: zona fasciculata of adrenal gland

Changes for: zona reticularis of adrenal gland

Changes for: lymphatic vessel endothelium

Changes for: dorsal raphe nucleus

Changes for: ventral nucleus of posterior commissure

Changes for: cuneate nucleus

Changes for: sympathetic nerve trunk

Changes for: suprachiasmatic nucleus

Changes for: medial preoptic nucleus

Changes for: substantia nigra

Changes for: epithelium of gall bladder

Changes for: skeleton

Changes for: insula

Changes for: occipital lobe

Changes for: claustrum of brain

Changes for: eye muscle

Changes for: lower leg connective tissue

Changes for: medulla of lymph node

Changes for: gluteal muscle

Changes for: upper arm connective tissue

Changes for: trunk of sciatic nerve

Changes for: peripheral nerve

Changes for: upper leg connective tissue

Changes for: cortex of lymph node

Changes for: outflow tract myocardium

Changes for: forelimb stylopod muscle

Changes for: forelimb zeugopod muscle

Changes for: hindlimb zeugopod muscle

Changes for: hindlimb zeugopod bone

Changes for: upper arm bone

Changes for: skin muscle

Changes for: hindlimb stylopod muscle

Changes for: stomach muscularis externa

Changes for: skeleton of lower jaw

  • Deleted
    • - skeleton of lower jaw comment Inclusion of the FMA class ‘lower jaw’ is debatable - this mostly corresponds to the lower jaw skeleton (with ‘maxillary part of mouth’ corresponding to the upper jaw region); however, the FMA class also includes gingiva
  • Added
    • + skeleton of lower jaw comment AO notes: Inclusion of the FMA class ‘lower jaw’ is debatable - this mostly corresponds to the lower jaw skeleton (with ‘maxillary part of mouth’ corresponding to the upper jaw region); however, the FMA class also includes gingiva. See also: https://sourceforge.net/p/obo/mouse-anatomy-requests/88/
    • + skeleton of lower jaw database cross reference EMAPA:17906

Changes for: skeleton of upper jaw

Changes for: hypodermis skeletal muscle layer

Changes for: neural lobe of neurohypophysis

Changes for: taenia tectum of brain

Changes for: eye epithelium

Changes for: outer ear epithelium

Changes for: middle ear epithelium

Changes for: distal phalanx

Changes for: middle phalanx

Changes for: proximal phalanx

Changes for: medial preoptic region

Changes for: vascular system

Changes for: prostate gland dorsal lobe

Changes for: digit connective tissue

Changes for: autopod skin

Changes for: liver blood vessel

Changes for: right lung lobar bronchus epitheium

Changes for: left lung lobar bronchus epithelium

Changes for: induseum griseum

Changes for: life cycle stage

Changes for: life cycle

Changes for: cranial or facial muscle

Changes for: lung connective tissue

Changes for: facial nucleus

Changes for: intestine

Changes for: prostate gland dorsolateral lobe

Changes for: coagulating gland

Changes for: forestomach

Changes for: cerebellum external granule cell layer

Changes for: outer spiral sulcus

Changes for: inner spiral sulcus

Changes for: cerebellum internal granule cell layer

Changes for: pharyngeal epithelium

Changes for: epithelium of rectum

Changes for: epithelium of incisor

Changes for: ganglion of peripheral nervous system

Changes for: nucleus of thalamus

Changes for: adductor longus

Changes for: musculature of head

Changes for: tarsal region

Changes for: carpal region

Changes for: lateral septal complex

Changes for: medial septal complex

Changes for: septohippocampal nucleus

Changes for: accessory olfactory bulb glomerular layer

Changes for: parabrachial nucleus

Changes for: nucleus of trapezoid body

Changes for: cardiac muscle tissue of myocardium

Changes for: ligament

Changes for: skeletal muscle tissue of orbicularis oculi

Changes for: muscle of vertebral column

Changes for: cingulate cortex

Changes for: striated muscle sphincter

Changes for: external capsule

Changes for: decidua capsularis

Changes for: fundus of urinary bladder

Changes for: perirhinal cortex

Changes for: bone of tail

Changes for: central gray substance of midbrain

Changes for: ventricular zone

Changes for: interdigital region between manual digits

Changes for: interdigital region between pedal digits

Changes for: liver lobule

Changes for: esophagus muscularis mucosa

Changes for: urinary bladder urothelium

Changes for: fourth ventricle ependyma

Changes for: lateral ventricle ependyma

Changes for: third ventricle ependyma

Changes for: spleen capsule

Changes for: blood vessel endothelium

Changes for: rib 12

Changes for: rib 11

Changes for: rib 10

Changes for: rib 9

Changes for: rib 7

Changes for: rib 6

Changes for: rib 5

Changes for: rib 4

Changes for: rib 3

Changes for: rib 1

Changes for: rib 2

Changes for: nucleus of cerebellar nuclear complex

Changes for: female reproductive organ

Changes for: cranium

Changes for: apocrine gland

Changes for: cerebellar peduncle

Changes for: midbrain raphe nuclei

Changes for: Peyer’s patch germinal center

Changes for: raphe nuclei

Changes for: dentate gyrus molecular layer

Changes for: aorta wall

Changes for: aorta tunica adventitia

Changes for: muscular coat of seminal vesicle

Changes for: primary ovarian follicle

Changes for: secondary ovarian follicle

Changes for: lamina propria of trachea

Changes for: dorsal root ganglion

Changes for: tendon

Changes for: zone of skin

Changes for: endocrine pancreas

Changes for: exocrine pancreas

Changes for: sense organ

Changes for: lymph node

Changes for: submucosa

Changes for: pituitary gland

Changes for: islet of Langerhans

Changes for: accessory olfactory bulb mitral cell layer

Changes for: levator auris longus muscle

Changes for: dental follicle

Changes for: secondary somatosensory cortex

Changes for: primary somatosensory cortex

Changes for: lung parenchyma

Changes for: renal glomerulus

Changes for: segment of respiratory tract

Changes for: fornix of brain

Changes for: organ

Changes for: olfactory bulb outer nerve layer

Changes for: hair root sheath matrix

Changes for: stomach glandular epithelium

Changes for: esophagus squamous epithelium

Changes for: stomach squamous epithelium

Changes for: vestibular epithelium

Changes for: efferent duct epithelium

Changes for: pes bone

Changes for: manus bone

Changes for: gonad germinal epithelium

Changes for: ovary stroma

Changes for: colonic epithelium

Changes for: longissimus muscle

Changes for: musculature of body

Changes for: extensor digitorum brevis

Changes for: tongue muscle

Changes for: adductor magnus

Changes for: adductor brevis

Changes for: ileal mucosa

Changes for: left testicular vein

Changes for: right testicular vein

Changes for: enteric plexus

Changes for: prostate epithelium

Changes for: glomerular parietal epithelium

Changes for: jejunal epithelium

Changes for: post-anal tail

Changes for: pelvic girdle bone/zone

Changes for: girdle bone/zone

Changes for: pectoral girdle bone

Changes for: reticular membrane of spiral organ

Changes for: organism substance

Changes for: prefrontal cortex

Changes for: decidua basalis

Changes for: tissue

Changes for: semi-lunar valve

Changes for: foramen cecum of tongue

Changes for: dorsal pelvic arrector

Changes for: inguinal ring

Changes for: superficial abductor

Changes for: lymph node secondary follicle

Changes for: rib 8

Changes for: bone of appendage girdle complex

Changes for: lymph node follicle

Changes for: bone of pelvic complex

Changes for: bone of pectoral complex

Changes for: muscular coat

Changes for: abductor profundus

Changes for: adductor profundus

Changes for: right atrium auricular region

Changes for: left atrium auricular region

Changes for: platysma

Changes for: levator scapulae muscle

Changes for: hypothalamic nucleus

Changes for: left ventricle myocardium

Changes for: right ventricle myocardium

Changes for: ventral arrector

Changes for: interosseous muscle

Changes for: ventral pelvic arrector

Changes for: right lung alveolar system

Changes for: alveolar system

Changes for: right lung lobe

Changes for: renal convoluted tubule

Changes for: dorsal pancreatic duct

Changes for: bony otic capsule

Changes for: circumventricular organ

Changes for: frontonasal suture

Changes for: hippocampus granule cell layer

Changes for: hippocampus molecular layer

Changes for: hippocampus stratum lacunosum

Changes for: hippocampus stratum oriens

Changes for: hippocampus stratum radiatum

Changes for: olfactory bulb external plexiform layer

Changes for: olfactory bulb glomerular layer

Changes for: olfactory bulb granule cell layer

Changes for: olfactory bulb internal plexiform layer

Changes for: spinal cord ependyma

Changes for: brain ependyma

Changes for: nasal cavity respiratory epithelium

Changes for: dentate gyrus granule cell layer

Changes for: olfactory bulb subependymal zone

Changes for: male reproductive gland

Changes for: cortical layer VI

Changes for: cortical layer V

Changes for: cortical layer II

Changes for: cortical layer I

Changes for: cortical layer IV

Changes for: cortical layer III

Changes for: articular cartilage of joint

Changes for: transversospinales muscle

Changes for: external oblique pre-muscle mass

Changes for: frontalis muscle belly

Changes for: craniocervical muscle

Changes for: occipitofrontalis muscle

Changes for: muscle of digastric group

Changes for: sternooccipital muscle

Changes for: occipitalis

Changes for: cleidooccipital muscle

Changes for: zygomaticomandibularis muscle

Changes for: cricopharyngeus muscle

Changes for: diaphysis proper

Changes for: muscular coat of ureter

Changes for: pre-tracheal muscle

Changes for: submucous nerve plexus

Changes for: pubioischiotibialis muscle

Changes for: gastrocnemius lateralis

Changes for: plantaris

Changes for: gastrocnemius medialis

Changes for: vibrissa unit

Changes for: renal cortex artery

Changes for: renal cortex collecting duct

Changes for: pectoral complex muscle

Changes for: pelvic complex muscle

Changes for: nail bed

Changes for: endometrium luminal epithelium

Changes for: cerebellum lobe

Changes for: radio-carpal joint

Changes for: endocrine system

Changes for: posterior commissure

Changes for: pharyngeal muscle

Changes for: gracilis

Changes for: rotator muscle of the vertebral column

Changes for: long bone epiphyseal plate hypertrophic zone

Changes for: long bone epiphyseal plate proliferative zone

Changes for: hippocampal commissure

Changes for: osseus spiral lamina

Changes for: spiral ligament

Changes for: cochlear modiolus

Changes for: abdomen

Changes for: thoracic segment of trunk

Changes for: skeletal joint

Changes for: pleura

Changes for: neck

Changes for: kidney interstitium

Changes for: vagina stroma

Changes for: larynx submucosa gland

Report for properties

ObjectProperty objects lost from source: 0

ObjectProperty objects new in target: 0

Changed ObjectProperty objects: 0

July 1, 2014 |

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